Cheryl discography

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Cheryl discography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cheryl discography
Cheryl Cole, Hastings.jpg

Cheryl in August 2008
Studio albums 4
Music videos 15
EPs 1
Singles 13

The discography of English recording artist Cheryl consists of four studio albums, one extended play, nine singles (not including three as a featured artist) and fourteen music videos. Cheryl’s first foray into a solo music career occurred when she featured on will.i.am‘s “Heartbreaker“. After having streetdancing lessons during the filming of Passions of Girls Aloud series, Cheryl was picked to appear in the song’s video. She was later asked to sing the female vocals on the UK release of the track,[1] which reached number four in the United Kingdom and sold over 250,000 copies, giving the single a silver certificate by the BPI. It was the 31st best selling single of 2008.[2] Cheryl’s solo career began in October 2009 with the release of “Fight for This Love“, the lead single from her debut studio album, 3 Words. The track saw Cheryl achieve her first solo number-one single when it topped the UK chart, while also attaining international chart success; peaking within the top 10 in the likes of France, Germany and the Netherlands. The parent album debuted at number one in the UK with sales of 125,271.[3] On 6 November 2009 the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) certified the album platinum.[4] It has since gone 3× Platinum,[4] with sales of over 1,000,000 copies.[5]3 Words” is both the opening and title song from her debut studio album. It was released in the UK and Ireland on 20 December 2009 went on to become Fernandez-Versini’s second consecutive UK top-five and Irish-top ten hit. It was also a top five hit in Australia and has since been certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association and gold by the British Phonographic Industry. “Parachute” was released on 11 March 2010 as the album’s third and final single. “Parachute” became Cheryl’s third consecutive solo UK top five hit, and her third Irish top 10 hit. It was nominated for a Brit Award in 2011.

October 2010 saw the release of Cheryl’s second studio album, Messy Little Raindrops, which became her second consecutive number-one album in the UK; the album was certified Platinum by BPI, with shipments in the UK in the excess of 300,000.[6] The album was preceded by the release of its lead single, “Promise This“. “Promise This” debuted at number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming her second solo UK number one behind “Fight for This Love” (October 2009).[7] It sold 157,210 copies in its debut week,[8] which earned it the highest first-week sales of the year, for a non-charity single at that time.[9][10]The Flood” was serviced as the second single from the album.

Cheryl released her third studio album, A Million Lights, in June 2012, where it debuted at number two in the United Kingdom selling 34,934 copies in its first week on sale.[11] “A Million Lights” was certified Gold in the United Kingdom for shipments of 100,000 copies.[12] The lead single, “Call My Name“, produced by Calvin Harris, became Cheryl’s third number-one single with first week sales of 152,001 copies in the United Kingdom, becoming 2012’s fastest selling number one single on the UK Singles Chart until December of the same year,[13]Under the Sun” was serviced as the second single from A Million Lights.

The lead single from her fourth solo studio album Only Human, titled “Crazy Stupid Love” featuring Tinie Tempah was released on 20 July 2014.[14] The single became her fourth solo UK number one after it entered at the top of the UK Singles Chart, and also topped the charts in the Republic of Ireland and Scotland. The single notched up a combined chart sales figure of 118,000 in its first week in the UK, with audio streams contributing just over 3%. The album’s second single, “I Don’t Care“, had sold over 82,000 copies in the United Kingdom during the week of its release, and debut at the top of the UK Singles Chart. It gave the singer her tenth number-one single, and fifth as a solo artist, overtaking current record sharers Geri Halliwell and Rita Ora[15] setting a new record for most number one singles by a female artist for Fernandez-Versini, with five.[16] Only Human was released on 10 November 2014. It became her fourth solo album to debut within the top 10 in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.

Studio albums[edit]

List of albums, with selected chart positions, sales figures and certifications
Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
UK
[17]
AUS
[18]
AUT
[19]
FRA
[20]
GER
[21]
IRE
[22]
NLD
[23]
NOR
[24]
SCO
[25]
SWI
[26]
3 Words 1 31 26 53 45 2 49 18 2 52
Messy Little Raindrops
  • Released: 29 October 2010
  • Label: Polydor
  • Formats: CD, digital download
1 2 2
A Million Lights
  • Released: 18 June 2012
  • Label: Polydor
  • Formats: CD, digital download
2 2 1
Only Human
  • Released: 10 November 2014
  • Label: Polydor
  • Formats: CD, digital download
7 9 8
“—” denotes album that did not chart or was not released

Extended plays[edit]

List of extended plays, with selected details
Title Details
3 Words: The B-Sides
  • Released: 18 April 2010
  • Label: Fascination
  • Formats: digital download

Singles[edit]

As lead artist[edit]

List of singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album
UK
[17]
AUS
[18][30]
AUT
[19]
BEL
(Fl)

[31]
FRA
[32]
GER
[33]
IRE
[22]
ITA
[34]
SCO
[35]
SPA
[36]
Fight for This Love 2009 1 54 4 13 7 4 1 5 1 12 3 Words
3 Words
(featuring will.i.am)
4 5 56 27 7 7 6
Parachute 2010 5 [B] 78 4 2
Promise This 1 78 [C] 1 1 Messy Little Raindrops
The Flood 2011 18 26 14
Call My Name 2012 1 49 [D] 1 1 A Million Lights
Under the Sun 13 16 12
Crazy Stupid Love
(featuring Tinie Tempah)
2014 1 43 [E] 172 1 1 39 Only Human
I Don’t Care 1 [F] 4 1
Only Human 2015 70 40
“—” denotes album that did not chart or was not released

As featured artist[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album
UK
[17]
IRE
[22]
SCO
[17]
Heartbreaker
(will.i.am featuring Cheryl Cole)
2008 4 7 10 Songs About Girls
Everybody Hurts
(as part of Helping Haiti)
2010 1 28 1 Non-album single
Check It Out (Special Mix)
(will.i.am & Nicki Minaj featuring Cheryl Cole)
11 14 12
“—” denotes a single that did not chart or was not released.

Other charted songs[edit]

Song Year Peak chart positions Album
UK
[46]
SCO
[35]
“Boy Like You” (featuring will.i.am) 2009 105 100 3 Words
“Don’t Talk About This Love” 177
“Happy Hour” 161
“Heaven” (featuring will.i.am) 122
“Make Me Cry” 154
“Rain on Me” 135
“Stand Up” 112 89
Screw You” (featuring Wretch 32) 2012 100 95 A Million Lights
“Stars” 2014 70 Only Human
“—” denotes song that did not chart or was not released

Music videos[edit]

Song Year Director(s) Refs.
“Heartbreaker” 2008 Toben Seymour
“Fight for This Love” 2009 Ray Kay [47]
“3 Words” (viral version) Vincent Haycock [48]
“3 Words” (split-screen version) Saam [48]
“Everybody Hurts” 2010 Joseph Kahn
“Parachute” AlexandLiane [49]
Check It Out(UK Special Mix version) Rich Lee [50]
“Promise This” Sophie Muller [51][52]
“The Flood”
“Call My Name” 2012 Anthony Mandler [53]
“Under the Sun”
“Ghetto Baby” Rankin
“Crazy Stupid Love” 2014 Colin Tilley [54]
“I Don’t Care”
“Only Human” 2015 Chris Sweeney [55]

Cheryl (entertainer)

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Cheryl (entertainer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cheryl
Cheryl Cole Cannes 2014.jpg

Born Cheryl Ann Tweedy
(1983-06-30) 30 June 1983 (age 33)
Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom
Other names
  • Cheryl Cole
  • Cheryl Fernandez-Versini
Occupation
  • Author
  • dancer
  • model
  • singer
  • television personality
Years active 1990–present
Net worth £20,000,000
Spouse(s)
Website cherylofficial.com
Musical career
Genres
Instruments Vocals
Labels
Associated acts

Cheryl Ann Fernandez-Versini (née Tweedy; born 30 June 1983) is an English singer, dancer, and television personality. Born and raised in Tyne and Wear, she rose to fame in late 2002 upon winning a place in girl group Girls Aloud after participating in ITV‘s Popstars: The Rivals. While still in the group, she began a solo career in April 2009, releasing her first solo studio album, 3 Words, in October. The album was a commercial success, giving rise to three successful singles, including “Fight for This Love“, which entered at number one on the UK charts and became the best selling single of the year. In October 2010, Cheryl released her second studio album, Messy Little Raindrops, which produced two singles, the first of which, “Promise This“, also debuted at number one. She released her third solo album A Million Lights in June 2012, with lead single “Call My Name” becoming her third number one single. Her fourth album, Only Human, was released in 2014, after Girls Aloud’s split the previous year, and produced three singles, including “Crazy Stupid Love” and “I Don’t Care“; both reached number one in the UK, making Cheryl the first British female artist to have five number ones in the UK, a record she still holds.

Cheryl became a judge on the UK version of The X Factor in 2008. She mentored two of the eventual winners of the competition (Alexandra Burke in series 5 and Joe McElderry in series 6), before resigning in 2011 and joining the panel of the American version. However, she left the show during the auditions stage, fuelling rumours that she had been sacked.[1][2][3] She would later return to judge series 11 and 12 of the UK version.

Cheryl has become a recognised and photographed style icon; referred to as a “fashionista” by the press.[4] She has been photographed for the covers of British Vogue, Elle and Harper’s Bazaar. In 2009, she fronted cosmetic company L’Oréal.[5] Her net worth was estimated at £20 million in October 2014.[6][7] Cheryl was married to England footballer Ashley Cole from July 2006[8] until September 2010, when she divorced him after their separation earlier that year.[9] She married Jean-Bernard Fernandez-Versini in July 2014.[10][11][12] Cheryl was granted a decree nisi from Fernandez-Versini in October 2016.[13]

Early life

Cheryl Ann Tweedy[14] was born in Newcastle upon Tyne on 30 June 1983,[15] and grew up on council estates in the neighbouring districts of Walker[16] and Heaton. She is the fourth of five children of Joan Callaghan,[17] and the first of her two children with Garry Tweedy following the collapse of her marriage to the father of her three other children. Callaghan and Tweedy were together for more than a decade but never married each other; they separated when Cheryl was eleven years old.[18]

As a young child circa 1990, she appeared in a television advert for British Gas with her younger brother Garry Jr.[19] Interested in dancing from an early age, she began sequence dancing at the age of four,[20] before joining The Royal Ballet‘s summer school at the age of nine.[21] She occasionally appeared doing dance recitals on different television shows in the UK, such as Gimme 5, in 1993.[22]

She won recognition in several modelling competitions, including the titles of Boots Group‘s “bonniest baby”, Mothercare‘s Happy Faces Portrait competition, “Best Looking Girl of Newcastle”, The Evening Chronicle‘s “Little Miss and Mister”, and “Most Attractive Girl” at the MetroCentre. She made appearances in British Gas adverts for a second time, an SCS furniture store advert, and an Eldon Square Christmas advert with her younger brother Garry. She attended Walker Comprehensive School in Newcastle between September 1994 and July 1999, and left at 16 with few qualifications.[23]

Career

2002–2009: Girls Aloud

Cheryl (far right) with Girls Aloud performing at the Capital Radio Help a London Child fundraiser (2005).

Cheryl was one of thousands of people who auditioned for the reality television show Popstars: The Rivals in 2002, which aimed to create a boy band and a girl group to compete for the Christmas Number One spot on the UK Singles Chart. She sang “Have You Ever” in her audition,[24] and was one of twenty contestants (ten girls and ten boys) chosen as finalists by judges Pete Waterman, Louis Walsh and Geri Halliwell. The finalists performed live on Saturday evenings, with one gender performing each week. Each week, the contestant polling the fewest phone votes was eliminated, until the final line-ups of the five-piece groups emerged. She was in danger of elimination twice, surviving over Emma Beard[25] and Aimee Kearsley[26] in consecutive performing weeks. On 30 November 2002, she was the first contestant to qualify for the girl group, joining Nadine Coyle, Sarah Harding, Nicola Roberts and Kimberley Walsh to form Girls Aloud, following the final public vote.[27] The group’s debut single “Sound of the Underground” peaked at number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming the 2002 Christmas Number One over boy band One True Voice‘s “Sacred Trust / After You’re Gone“.[28] Girls Aloud hold the record for the fastest time between formation of a band and reaching number one single.[29] The group released their debut album Sound of the Underground in May 2003,[30] which entered the charts at number two and was certified platinum by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) later the same year. Their singles “I’ll Stand by You“, “Walk This Way“, and “The Promise” have charted at number one. Two of their albums have reached the top of the UK Albums Chart: their greatest hits album The Sound of Girls Aloud and 2008’s Out of Control, both of which entered the chart at number one, with over one million copies of the former being sold.[31] They also achieved seven certified albums and have been nominated for five Brit Awards, winning the 2009 Best Single for “The Promise”.[32]

The group’s musical style is pop, but throughout their career they had experimented with electropop and dance-pop. Girls Aloud’s collaborations with Brian Higgins and his songwriting and production team Xenomania earned the group critical acclaim,[33] due to an innovative approach to mainstream pop music. The group became one of the few UK reality television acts to achieve continued success, amassing a fortune of £30 million by May 2010. Guinness World Records lists them as “Most Successful Reality TV Group” in the 2007 edition. They also hold the record for “Most Consecutive Top Ten Entries in the UK by a Female Group” in the 2008 edition, and are credited again for “Most Successful Reality TV Group” in the 2011 edition. The group was also named the United Kingdom’s biggest selling girl group of the 21st century, with over 4.3 million singles sales and 4 million albums sold in the UK alone.[34][35]

2008–2010: Television endeavours and solo debut 3 Words

With her brown hair tied back, a female wearing a glittery outfit is performing with a headset microphone.

Cheryl during a live performance in 2008

In 2008, Cheryl replaced Sharon Osbourne as a judge for the fifth series of The X Factor alongside Dannii Minogue, Simon Cowell and Louis Walsh. She was given the girls category (made up of female contestants between 16 and 25) and subsequently ended up as the victorious judge when Alexandra Burke was crowned the fifth winner of The X Factor on 13 December 2008.[36] She returned for the sixth series in 2009 and was given the boys category (made up of male contestants aged 16 to 25).[37] She emerged as the winning judge for a second consecutive year after Joe McElderry was crowned the sixth winner of The X Factor.[38] Simon Cowell, creator of The X Factor, has referred to her as “one of the best I’ve ever worked with.”[39]

Cheryl’s first solo performance was on American rapper will.i.am‘s “Heartbreaker” in 2008. She was picked to appear as a dancer in the video after taking streetdancing classes during the filming of the ITV2 series The Passions of Girls Aloud.[40] She was later asked by will.i.am to sing additional vocals on the track.[41] In April 2009, she started working on solo material.[42]

Her debut album, 3 Words, was released in the UK on 26 October 2009.[43] In July 2009, Girls Aloud announced they would take a year-long hiatus in the pursuit of solo projects, but would reunite for a new studio album in 2010.[44] In August 2010, bandmate Nicola Roberts said that she was not anticipating a reunion of the band until 2012, if then. 3 Words spent two weeks at number one.[45] On 6 November 2009, BPI certified the album Platinum, denoting shipments of over 300,000 units.[46] It later tripled this feat.[46]

The first single from the album, “Fight for This Love“, was written by Andre Merritt, Steve Kipner and Wayne Wilkins, and produced by Steve Kipner and Wayne Wilkins. Following a performance on The X Factor live results show, “Fight for This Love” became the fourth best-selling single of 2009 in the UK.[47] It charted at number one on both the Irish and UK Singles Chart.[48] In 2010, “Fight For This Love” went to number one in Denmark, Norway and Hungary.[49] The single was later certified platinum in the UK.[50] Cheryl’s second single “3 Words“, which features will.i.am, went to number 4 in the UK and seven in Ireland.[51] In 2010, the single was released in Australia and charted at number 5 and was certified platinum.[52] The third single, “Parachute“, charted in the top five in both the UK and Ireland. The single was certified gold in the UK.[46]

Cheryl was given a one-off television programme for ITV1, Cheryl Cole’s Night In, which aired on 19 December 2009.[53] The programme, hosted by Holly Willoughby, featured music and interviews with Cheryl and some of her favourite performers. Alexandra Burke, Rihanna, Will Young, Snow Patrol and will.i.am made appearances.[54] The programme attracted 5 million viewers on its first airing, substantially less than the 8.1 million viewers Strictly Come Dancing received during the same time slot.[55]

2010–2011: Messy Little Raindrops

In March 2010, Cheryl stated that she had begun working on her follow-up album to 3 Words, which she hoped to release “later on in the year”.[56] The album was largely produced by Wayne Wilkins.[57] The album features guest vocals from August Rigo, Dizzee Rascal, Travie McCoy, and Will.i.am.[58] Cheryl started recording sessions for her second album in February 2010[59] though in an interview on Alan Carr: Chatty Man she admitted that some of the songs submitted for the record dated back to 3 Words (2009).[60] Cheryl’s second solo album, titled Messy Little Raindrops, was released on 29 October 2010. The album debuted at number one in the UK, and at number two in Ireland. On 19 August 2011 the album was certified Platinum by BPI, with shipments in the UK in the excess of 300,000.[61] Messy Little Raindrops has received generally mixed reviews from music critics. A mostly positive review came from Jon O’Brien of Allmusic who gave it four out of five stars.[62]

The album’s first single, “Promise This“, was released on 24 October 2010 and became her second number-one hit in the UK.[63] “Promise This” is an up-tempo dance-pop song written by American songwriter Priscilla Hamilton, British music producer Wayne Wilkins, who was responsible for her debut single “Fight for This Love“, and Christopher Jackson.[64][65]The Flood” was released as the album’s second single and entered the charts after its official release at number 18. “Everyone”, featuring Dizzee Rascal, was slated as the third single and was to be released on 21 March 2011, but was cancelled due to Cheryl’s involvement on the US version of The X Factor and the underperformance of “The Flood”.[66][67]

Cheryl alongside Simon Cowell on The X Factor

Cheryl returned for the seventh series of The X Factor in 2010 to mentor the girls category once again.[68] In this series, Cheryl faced intense scrutiny from the public and the media after she rejected popular contestant Gamu Nhengu to go through to the live shows in favour of Cher Lloyd and Katie Waissel, even though both had fluffed their performances at judges’ houses. Cheryl also received more criticism after she refused to vote for an act in the fifth week, which resulted in claims that the show was fixed. This series would also mark the first that she was not the winning mentor, after a contestant in her category, Rebecca Ferguson, lost out to Matt Cardle, who was mentored by Dannii Minogue.

From May to July 2010, Cheryl was the opening act for The Black Eyed Peas at the British shows (as well as some European dates) of The E.N.D. World Tour.[69][70][71] Cheryl was interviewed during an episode of the fourth series of Piers Morgan’s Life Stories, in which she discussed her marriage and divorce with Ashley Cole and her life-threatening battle with malaria. The show, which aired on 23 October 2010, drew an audience of 7.2 million: the highest figure in the chat show’s history.[72]

On 5 May 2011, it was officially announced after months of speculation that Cheryl would appear as a judge alongside Simon Cowell, L.A. Reid, and Paula Abdul on the American version of The X Factor.[73] However, after only three weeks as a judge and completing the auditions in Los Angeles and Chicago, she departed the show.[2] Cowell said that the reason why she left was because he offered her the job in the UK version back and he felt that she would have been more comfortable there.[74] It was also later confirmed that she would not be returning to the UK version either, as Tulisa Contostavlos had taken her place on the UK judging panel.[75] Nicole Scherzinger replaced her on the judging panel of The X Factor USA for the rest of season 1.[76] A year later on The Graham Norton Show, she said that she had quit the US show and also snubbed the decision to return to the UK version of the show of her own accord.[77] In December 2012, Cheryl sued the American producers of The X Factor for $2.3 million (£1.4m). She received $1.8 million (£1.1m) for the first season, and then sued for $2 million (£1.25m) for the second season, plus additional damages.[78] In November 2013, Cheryl won for her settlement, for an undisclosed amount between her and producers Blue Orbit.[79]

2012–2013: A Million Lights, Girls Aloud reunion and tours

Cheryl’s third studio album, A Million Lights, was released on 18 June 2012.[80] Before the album release, A Million Lights had doubled the amount of pre-orders to her nearest competitor Justin Bieber with his album Believe on the Amazon UK store.[81] However, A Million Lights debuted at number 2 on the UK Albums Chart selling 34,934 copies in its first week on sale, with Bieber selling 3,181 more copies and beating her to the number 1 spot. The album became her first not to debut at number 1 in the UK and her first not to sell over 100,000 copies in its first week on sale.[82] Her debut album 3 Words sold 125,000 copies while its follow-up Messy Little Raindrops sold around 105,000 copies.[83] A Million Lights was certified Gold in the United Kingdom for shipments of 100,000 copies.[84]

The lead single “Call My Name“, became Cheryl’s third number one single on the UK Singles Chart, with the sales of 152,001 digital copies. The song became 2012’s fastest selling number one single on the UK Singles Chart until December of the same year,[85] when The X Factor winner James Arthur sold 490,560 copies with his cover of Shontelle‘s “Impossible“.[86] “Call My Name” sold a total of 417,000 copies in the UK, and was the 34th best-selling single of 2012 there.[87] “Under the Sun”, the second single from the album, was released on 3 September 2012.[88][89] The song peaked at number 13, becoming her seventh consecutive solo top-twenty single. “Screw You” featuring British rapper Wretch 32 has been confirmed as the album’s third single,[90] but the release was cancelled indefinitely and no more singles were released from A Million Lights due to the reunion of Girls Aloud in November 2012.

To promote A Million Lights, Cheryl embarked on her first solo concert tour, A Million Lights Tour. On 12 June 2012, via her official website she announced the tour, which started on 3 October 2012 and ended on 17 October 2012.[91] The tour comprised 11 show dates, two in Ireland, one in Scotland and eight in England. She also announced plans to do a set of meet and greets at each concert. The £350 offer included an autograph, chance to meet her and a photograph with her backstage. Proceeds would go towards her charity The Cheryl Cole Foundation. The meet and greet ticket drew negative criticism from fans.[92]

On 4 June 2012, Cheryl performed a duet with Gary Barlow at the Diamond Jubilee concert organised and created by Barlow himself and watched by millions worldwide.[93][94] On 8 August 2012, it was revealed that Cheryl would return to The X Factor as a guest mentor to help judge Gary Barlow pick his finalist for the finals of the competition. In November 2012, she was handed her own documentary entitled Cheryl: Access All Areas, the show attracted 811,000 viewers on ITV2 and 177,000 watched on +1.[95]

After months of speculation, Cheryl confirmed that Girls Aloud‘s reunion would occur in November 2012.[96] Girls Aloud reunited for the group’s 10th anniversary and on 18 November 2012, they released their new single, “Something New” which was the official charity single for Children in Need. The single peaked at number-two on the UK Singles Chart.[97] The group released their second greatest hits compilation, Ten on 26 November 2012. The second single taken from Ten, “Beautiful Cause You Love Me” was released on 17 December 2012.[98] A documentary entitled Girls Aloud: Ten Years at the Top aired on ITV1 on 15 December 2012[99][100] attracted 2.3 million viewers, a 10.5% share of the audience.[101] In 2013, the group embarked on Ten: The Hits Tour.[102] In March 2013, following the completion of the Ten: The Hits Tour, Girls Aloud released a statement via their official Twitter confirming that they were splitting permanently.[103][104]

2014–present: Only Human and The X Factor return

On 10 March 2014, it was announced that Cheryl would return as a judge on the UK version of The X Factor for its eleventh series, signing a £1.5 million contract.[105][106] She was once again joined by Cowell and Louis Walsh on the judging panel, as well as new judge Mel B. She was selected to mentor the girls category, and she chose Chloe Jasmine, Stephanie Nala, Lauren Platt and Lola Saunders for the live shows. After Nala and Jasmine were eliminated in week 2 and Saunders in week 4, she mentored Platt to be a semi-finalist in the series.

On 8 May, it was confirmed that Cheryl had been added to the line-up for Capital FM’s Summertime Ball at Wembley Stadium on 21 June.[107] On 27 May, she announced in an interview with Hello! Magazine that her fourth studio album would be released in November, preceded by lead single “Crazy Stupid Love“.[108][109] On 29 May 2014, it was confirmed that she would debut the single, which features Tinie Tempah on 2 June on BBC Radio 1, Capital FM and KISS FM, with the video premiering the following Monday, 9 June.[110] On 27 July 2014, the single entered the UK Singles Chart at number one, selling 118,000 copies. It became her fourth number one single on the chart, tying her with Geri Halliwell and Rita Ora as the third British female to achieve four number ones as a solo artist.[111] The song also peaked at number one in the Republic of Ireland on the Irish Singles Chart.

During an interview on The Graham Norton Show in July 2014, Cheryl said that her fourth studio album would be entitled Only Human.[112] On 28 August 2014, she confirmed the second official single from Only Human as “I Don’t Care“. She described the song as “very fun pop”.[113] “I Don’t Care” was released on 2 November 2014 and debuted at number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming her fifth number one in the country. This achievement made her the first British female to have five solo number one singles in the UK.[114] Jess Glynne tied the record in August 2015.[115] Only Human was released on 10 November 2014 and became her fourth solo album to debut within the top 10 in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Its title track was announced as the third single to be released from the album. The official music video made its premiere on Vevo on 4 February, with an official digital release on 22 March 2015.[116] The song peaked at number 70 on the UK Singles Chart, becoming Cheryl’s lowest charting single in the UK to date.

In June 2015, it was announced that Cheryl would return to The X Factor for its twelfth series; she was joined by Cowell, and new judges Rita Ora and Nick Grimshaw.[117] In August 2015, it was announced that she would also serve as executive producer to The X Factor. She was selected to mentor the “Groups” category for the first time and chose 4th Impact, Alien Uncovered and Reggie ‘n’ Bollie for the live shows. After losing Alien Uncovered in week 1, she guided 4th Impact to the quarter-finals and Reggie ‘n’ Bollie to the runners-up position in the final, losing against winner Louisa Johnson.

She later confirmed she was back in the studio working on her fifth studio album, initially due for release in 2016.[118] Cheryl confirmed her departure from The X Factor in April 2016, choosing to focus on her music career.[119] In November 2016, it was announced that Cheryl had split from her management team.[120]

Other ventures

As a member of Girls Aloud, Cheryl teamed with Eylure to release five sets of false eyelashes, each set designed by a different member of the group. A range of festival-themed lashes followed in 2010, while limited edition “10th Anniversary” lash was released in 2012.[121][122] Similarly, to celebrate their tenth anniversary, each member designed a charm bracelet for Pandora, available as either a complete bracelet or a “starter” bracelet.[123]

Cheryl’s first official book, entitled Through My Eyes, was published on 30 September 2010 by Bantam Press.[124][125] Through My Eyes purports to show her in the recording studio, backstage on tour, behind-the-scenes at The X Factor, at photo shoots and at award ceremonies. She said the book is “filled with pictures that capture those moments, [her] memories and the people [she’s] closest to”.[126] She is the subject of several unauthorised biographies,[127][128][129] as well as books detailing her relationship with and divorce from Ashley Cole.[130][131][132]

Her autobiography, Cheryl: My Story, was published on 11 October 2012.[133] The book’s content was about her relationships with Simon Cowell and her ex-husband Ashley Cole.[134][135] The autobiography has sold 275,000 copies as of February 2013, generating £2.5 million in sales. On 7 May, she announced her debut fragrance, StormFlower via photo sharing social media site Instagram. She posted pictures of a photo shoot for the perfume.[136][137]

Philanthropy

In 2004, Girls Aloud released a cover of The Pretenders‘ “I’ll Stand by You” as the official single for the BBC’s charity telethon Children in Need.[138] In 2007, the group announced a joint release of Aerosmith and Run DMC‘s “Walk This Way” with Sugababes as the official single for the UK’s other major charity telethon Comic Relief. The song was recorded at Comic Relief co-founder and trustee Richard Curtis‘ request.[139][140] Girls Aloud celebrated their 10 years as a group by releasing their third Children in Need single, “Something New“, which they performed during the telethon on 16 November 2012.[141]

In March 2009, Cheryl climbed Mount Kilimanjaro in aid of Comic Relief.[142] The climb, organised by Gary Barlow, was also undertaken by fellow Girls Aloud member Kimberley Walsh, as well as Alesha Dixon, Fearne Cotton, Denise Van Outen, Chris Moyles, Ben Shephard, Ronan Keating and Barlow himself. Between 3 February and 23 March 2009, Cheryl, Walsh, Barlow, Moyles and Cotton also raised money for Comic Relief by providing the voice for the BT Speaking Clock.[142] All nine celebrities reached the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro on Saturday, 7 March 2009.[143] Cheryl, along with Fearne Cotton, Denise Van Outen and Ben Shephard, reached the summit first at sunrise. The trek raised £3.5 million for the charity. In February 2011, Cheryl launched her own charitable foundation with The Prince’s Trust following a meeting with The Trust’s President, HRH Charles, Prince of Wales. The Cheryl Cole Foundation is meant to provide vital funds for The Trust in the North East, which was set up to help disadvantaged young people from Cheryl’s region.[144] On 13 June 2011, she auctioned 20 dresses with ASOS to raise funds for the foundation.[145]

In September 2011, Cheryl became the latest “Forces’ sweetheart” when she visited British soldiers in Afghanistan.[146] On 23 January 2015, Cheryl announced the launch of a second charity, once again alongside The Prince’s Trust. The charity was named Cheryl’s Trust, and was set up with the aim of raising £2 million to build a centre, which will support up to 4000 disadvantaged young people in her native city of Newcastle.[147] To raise these funds, Cheryl has thus far teamed up with Prizeo in March 2015, setting up a styling session competition,[148] and also launched a limited edition Belgian Chocolate Bar with Greggs in August 2015; 5p proceeds from each sale being donated towards the trust.[149] In November 2016, she became the ambassador of the charity ChildLine.[150]

Artistry

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Cheryl has a mezzo-soprano range.[151] She spoke about her vocal ability saying “I am very aware of my ability, I know I’m no Mariah Carey but I think the emotion in the song is what matters.”[152] 3 Words was influenced by her appreciation for dance music and has given the album and its singles a distinctively different sound to Girls Aloud. It crosses from contemporary R&B, dance pop, house and a more general pop sound. Messy Little Raindrops uses a more dance pop sound than her previous album. A Million Lights, her third studio album also incorporates R&B and dance.[153] She incorporated Dubstep into A Million Lights, MTV citing “Girl in the Mirror” as an example.[154]

“If you think my live vocal sounds so good it must be mimed, I’m happy, I take it as a compliment”

– Cheryl, speaking on the accusations of her miming[155]

It has been widely reported that Cheryl lip-syncs during live performances. Whilst performing “Fight for this Love” in 2009 on The X Factor, media speculated that the performance was mimed, something that she denied though she admitted to having some pre-recorded vocals to help the live performance.[156] In 2010 during her second performance on The X Factor, in which she performed “Promise This”, she “showcased her vocal and dancing skills with an energetic, raunchy routine that earned a standing ovation from her fellow judges.”[157] Similar to her 2009 performance of “Fight for This Love” on The X Factor, the media speculated whether she lip synced or not. An ITV spokesperson insisted that she did not mime, although the performance was pre-recorded.[158]

On 26 May 2012, it was reported that Cheryl would perform “Call My Name” with live vocals on The Voice UK, following allegedly pre-recorded performances that occurred the previous year on The X Factor UK. It was also reported that The Voice executives always edit the vocals for every artist on the show, and they would “provide some finishing touches to her singing prior to it being broadcast.” As the performance began, she swan-dived onto her backing dancers before they performed a highly ellaborated routine. Following the broadcast, she received mixed comments from viewers, with a few accusing the singer of lip synching, while others, including pop artists Emma Bunton and will.i.am, praised the performance. In an interview with BBC News, she addressed the negative comments, and said that “if you think my live vocal sounds so good it must be mimed, I’m happy, I take it as a compliment.”[159] She performed the track again on The Graham Norton Show on 8 June 2012, and was also accused of lip synching.[160]

Cheryl has named Britney Spears and Beyoncé as a few of her inspirations, performance and fashion wise.[161][162][163] She spoke on the reason Beyoncé was a big influence on her saying, “I love Beyoncé, I just think she is such a beautiful person inside and out, apart from what she does on the stage which is obviously incredible and aspiration. I just like her as a woman shes empowering.”[164] She has cited Lisa “Left Eye”‘ Lopes, a former member of American band TLC, as a big influence saying, “I wanted to be Lisa ‘Left Eye’ Lopes from TLC – I used to wear baggy jeans and Timberlands like a tomboy.”[165] Cheryl cites Rihanna as an influence, describing her as “a perfect pop star.”[166] She also cites American singer Mary J. Blige as an influence. “Mary’s voice sounds so grown up and you can hear that she has experienced a lot in her life, her songs help me with every heartache.”[167] She has influenced other artists, including Selena Gomez. In October 2010, Gomez said Cheryl was an influential person for her.[168]

Public image

Cheryl has become a recognised and photographed style icon.[169][170][171] Fashion magazine British Vogue praised her style saying: “Her wardrobe choices have become as successful as her singles – while filming for The X Factor, she had fashion fans watching her every sartorial move and was snapped wearing a string of fashion-forward outfits from Givenchy and Preen, to McQueen and Missoni.”[172] In both 2009 and 2010 she was named the best dressed woman by Glamour Magazine. She kept her top spot in 2010 above fashion model Kate Moss and Victoria Beckham, she beat R&B singer Rihanna, who came second and actress Blake Lively who came third. The result for the magazine were compiled from around 14,000 votes from the magazine’s readers.[173] She has been photographed for the covers of British Vogue,[171] Elle and Harper’s Bazaar.

Cheryl has topped FHM 100 Sexiest Women in the World in 2009 and 2010. She has won Glamour Women of the Year Awards for TV Personality and Best dressed[174] and Style Network Award for Best Dressed Woman and Style icon of the decade.[175] In February 2009, she appeared on the cover of British Vogue. The media coverage of her appearance in the magazine boosted the magazine’s circulation to 240,000: its best ever February figure.[176] She appeared on the November 2009 cover of the UK’s Elle magazine. In October 2010, a wax statue of her was added to the gallery of Madame Tussauds London at a cost of approximately £150,000.[177]

Personal life

Cheryl began dating England and Chelsea footballer Ashley Cole in September 2004, announcing their engagement after he proposed in Dubai in June 2005.[178] The couple were married at a ceremony at Barnet, north west London on 15 July 2006.[8] They signed an exclusive deal with OK!, reportedly worth £1 million, regarding the rights of the photographs.[179] On 23 February 2010, she announced she was separating from Cole.[180][181] On 26 May, she filed for divorce at London’s High Court citing “unreasonable behaviour” of estranged husband Cole as the reason for their break-up. The divorce papers state that Cole admitted being unfaithful to Cheryl with a number of other women.[182] She was granted a decree nisi on 3 September 2010.[9] She continued to use her married name,[183] but later began using the mononym Cheryl for her music releases.

On 7 July 2014, Cheryl married Jean-Bernard Fernandez-Versini after a three-month courtship.[10][11][12] On 20 October 2016, Cheryl was granted a decree nisi from Fernandez-Versini.[13] In early 2016, Cheryl began dating singer Liam Payne.[184][185][186]

In December 2016, she appeared on the BBC One genealogy series Who Do You Think You Are?, during which she researched her maternal family.[187] Research shows that her paternal line is from Tyneside[188] and that there were a number of coal miners amongst Cheryl’s forebears. When tracing further back, in one of the branches of her paternal line, researchers find that her ancestry includes several mariners.[189] The investigation into Cheryl’s maternal line shows that her grandmother, Olga Ridley, was one of twin girls born to Edith Annie Burton, the housekeeper for a widower named Joseph Ridley who already had a number of children from his marriage.[190] Joseph Ridley had fought in World War I in the Durham Light Infantry as a Pioneer in France and, from an examination of the census, before the war he had been a Grocery Warehouseman.[190]

In February 2017, after much speculation, Cheryl announced her pregnancy in a maternity shoot for the Daily Mirror.[191]

Assault conviction

On 11 January 2003, Cheryl was involved in an altercation with a nightclub toilet attendant, Sophie Amogbokpa, and subsequently charged with assault and racially aggravated assault over the incident.[192][193] At her trial on 20 October she was found guilty of assault occasioning actual bodily harm but cleared of the racially aggravated assault charge,[194] and sentenced to 120 hours of community service. She was ordered to pay her victim £500 in compensation, as well as £3,000 prosecution costs. Judge Richard Howard said, “This was an unpleasant piece of drunken violence which caused Sophie Amogbokpa pain and suffering.”[194]

Filmography

Main article: Cheryl videography

Discography

Main article: Cheryl discography

Tours

Solo tours
As solo supporting act

Awards and nominations

Year Award-giving body Award Result
2007 Nickelodeon UK Kids’ Choice Awards Best Female Singer[195] Nominated
Virgin Media Awards Most Fanciable Female[196] Won
2008 Hottest Female Nominated
Heat Magazine Awards Sexiest Female Won
Best Reality TV Judge Won
2009 Glamour Women of the Year Awards TV Personality[174] Won
FHM 100 Sexiest Women in the World No. 1 Sexiest Woman in the World[197] Won
Style Network Awards Best Dressed Woman[175] Won
Style Icon of the Decade Won
BBC Switch Live Awards Switch’s Prom Queen[198] Won
Virgin Media Awards Hottest Female[199] Won
Legend of the Year Nominated
Glamour Woman of the Year Awards Best Dressed[200] Won
2010 2010 BRIT Awards British Single (“Fight for This Love“)[201] Nominated
Glamour Women of the Year Awards Best Dressed[202] Won
Woman of the Year Won
FHM 100 Sexiest Women in the World No. 1 Sexiest Woman in the World[203] Won
BT Digital Music Awards Best Female Artist[204] Won
Best Single (“Fight for This Love“)[204] Won
Best Video (“Fight for This Love“)[204] Nominated
2011 2011 BRIT Awards British Single (“Parachute“)[205] Nominated
Best British Female[205] Nominated
Elle Style Awards Musician of the Year[206] Won
TRL Awards (Italy) Best New Act[207] Nominated
Cosmopolitan Awards Best Dressed Woman Won
BT Digital Music Awards Best Female Artist[208] Nominated
2012 Virgin Media TV Awards Best Judge Won
BBC Radio 1’s Teen Awards Best British Single[209] Nominated
Best British Album[210] Nominated
Best British Music Act[211] Nominated
Female Hottie[212] Nominated
2013 Nickelodeon UK Kids’ Choice Awards Favourite UK Female Artist Nominated
2014 FHM 100 Sexiest Women in the World Hall of Fame[213] Won
MTV Europe Music Awards Best UK & Ireland Act Nominated
BBC Radio 1’s Teen Awards Best British Solo Act[214] Nominated
Best British Single (“Crazy Stupid Love“)[215] Nominated

UNIVERSAL MONSTERS

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UNIVERSAL MONSTERS

Wikipedia Universal Monsters

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Universal has promoted a number of its films in the horror genre and included the logo of Glenn Strange as the Frankenstein monster on reissued sets of DVD films.[1]

Universal Monsters or Universal Horror is a phrase used to describe the series of horror, suspense and science fiction films made by Universal Studios during the decades of the 1920s through the 1950s. The series began with The Hunchback of Notre Dame and The Phantom of the Opera, both silent films starring Lon Chaney. Universal continued with talkies including monster franchises Dracula, Frankenstein, The Mummy, The Invisible Man, The Wolf Man, and Creature from the Black Lagoon. The films often featured Bela Lugosi, Boris Karloff, and Lon Chaney, Jr.

Original films[edit]

  Part of the Phantom of the Opera franchise
  Part of the Dracula franchise
  Part of the Frankenstein franchise
  Part of the Edgar Allen Poe franchise
  Part of the Mummy franchise
  Part of the Invisible Man franchise
  Part of the Werewolf / Wolf Man franchise
  Part of the Paula, the Ape Woman / Gorilla Girl franchise
  Part of the Inner Sanctum Mysteries franchise
  Part of the Creeper franchise
  Part of the Abbott & Costello franchise
  Part of the Gill Man / Creature from the Black Lagoon franchise

1920s[edit]

In 1923, Universal produced the drama The Hunchback of Notre Dame, starring Lon Chaney as Quasimodo. The production sets were built to evoke 15th-century Paris, including a re-creation of the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral.

Chaney stars as The Phantom in 1925’s horror film, The Phantom of the Opera, based on the mystery novel by Gaston Leroux. The interior of the Opéra Garnier was recreated to scale and was used again in the 1943 remake with Claude Rains.

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Cast RT[2] IMDb[3]
The Hunchback of Notre Dame September 2, 1923 Wallace Worsley Lon Chaney, Patsy Ruth Miller, Norman Kerry, Nigel de Brulier, Brandon Hurst 95% 7.3
The Phantom of the Opera November 25, 1925 Rupert Julian Lon Chaney, Mary Philbin, Norman Kerry, Arthur Edmund Carewe, Gibson Gowland 90% 7.7
The Cat and the Canary September 9, 1927 Paul Leni Laura La Plante, Forrest Stanley, Creighton Hale, Flora Finch 93% 7.2
The Man Who Laughs April 27, 1928 Paul Leni Mary Philbin, Conrad Veidt, Brandon Hurst, Olga V. Baklanova, Cesare Gravina, Stuart Holmes, Samuel de Grasse, George Siegmann, Josephine Crowell 100% 7.8
The Last Warning January 6, 1929 Paul Leni Laura LaPlante, Montagu Love, Margaret Livingston, John Boles N/A 7.5
The Last Performance November 1929 Paul Fejos Conrad Veidt, Mary Philbin N/A 6.8

1930s[edit]

In 1931, Bela Lugosi starred in Universal’s Dracula and Boris Karloff in Frankenstein. Actors Dwight Frye and Edward Van Sloan, who played major supporting roles in both films, made several film appearances in this decade. Make-up artist Jack Pierce created several monsters’ make-up starting in the 1930s.

The Mummy, starring Karloff, was produced in 1932. This was followed by a trilogy of films based on the tales of Edgar Allan Poe: Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932) starring Lugosi, The Black Cat (1934), and The Raven (1935), the latter two of which teamed Lugosi with Karloff. Universal began releasing sequels including Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Dracula’s Daughter (1936) and sequels for The Invisible Man (1933). The first mainstream werewolf picture, Werewolf of London (1935) starring Henry Hull, was not a box office triumph despite being revered by audiences today.

The end of Universal’s first run of horror films came in 1936. The monster movies were dropped from the production schedule altogether and would not re-emerge for another three years. In the meantime, a theatre owner revived Dracula and Frankenstein as a resoundingly successful double feature, prompting the studio to re-release the original movies. Son of Frankenstein (1939), starring Basil Rathbone, Boris Karloff, and Bela Lugosi, was filmed as a result of the unexpected resurgence.

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Cast RT[2] IMDb[3]
The Cat Creeps
(lost film)
November 10, 1930 Rupert Julian and John Willard Helen Twelvetrees, Raymond Hackett, Neil Hamilton, Elizabeth Patterson N/A 7.0
La Voluntad del muerto
(lost film)
1930 George Melford and Enrique Tovar Ávalos Antonio Moreno, Lupita Tovar, Andrés de Segurola, Roberto E. Guzmán, Paul Ellis, Lucio Villegas, Agostino Borgato, Conchita Ballesteros, María Calvo, Soledad Jiménez N/A N/A
Dracula
(English-language film)
February 12, 1931 Tod Browning Bela Lugosi, David Manners, Helen Chandler, Dwight Frye, Edward Van Sloan 91% 7.6
Drácula
(Spanish-language film)
April 24, 1931 George Melford Carlos Villarías, Lupita Tovar, Barry Norton, Pablo Álvarez Rubio, Eduardo Arozamena N/A 7.2
Frankenstein November 21, 1931 James Whale Colin Clive, Mae Clarke, John Boles, Boris Karloff, Dwight Frye, Edward Van Sloan, Frederick Kerr 100% 7.9
Murders in the Rue Morgue February 21, 1932 Robert Florey Bela Lugosi, Sidney Fox, Leon Ames, Bert Roach, Brandon Hurst, Noble Johnson, D’Arcy Corrigan 83% 6.4
The Old Dark House October 20, 1932 James Whale Boris Karloff, Melvin Douglas, Gloria Stuart, Charles Laughton, Lilian Bond, Ernest Thesiger, Eva Moore, Raymond Massey, Brember Wills, John Dudgeon 100% 7.3
The Mummy December 22, 1932 Karl Freund Boris Karloff, Zita Johann, David Manners, Edward Van Sloan, Arthur Byron 93% 7.2
Secret of the Blue Room July 20, 1933 Kurt Neumann Lionel Atwill, Gloria Stuart, Paul Lukas, Edward Arnold 6.6
The Invisible Man November 13, 1933 James Whale Gloria Stuart, Claude Rains, William Harrigan, Dudley Digges, Una O’Connor, Henry Travers, Forrester Harvey 100% 7.7
The Black Cat May 18, 1934 Edgar G. Ulmer Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, David Manners, Jacqueline Wells, Lucille Lund, Egon Brecher, Harry Cording, Henry Armetta, Albert Conti 87% 7.2
The Mystery of Edwin Drood February 4, 1935 Stuart Walker Douglass Montgomery, Claude Rains, Heather Angel, David Manners, Francis L. Sullivan, Valerie Hobson N/A 6.7
Bride of Frankenstein April 22, 1935 James Whale Boris Karloff, Colin Clive, Valerie Hobson, Elsa Lanchester, Una O’Connor, Ernest Thesiger, E. E. Clive 100% 7.9
Werewolf of London May 13, 1935 Stuart Walker Henry Hull, Warner Oland, Valerie Hobson, Lester Matthews, Spring Byington, Clark Williams, Lawrence Grant 77% 6.5
The Raven July 8, 1935 Lew Landers Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Irene Ware, Lester Matthews, Inez Courtney 100% 7.1
The Invisible Ray January 20, 1936 Lambert Hillyer Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Frances Drake, Frank Lawton 80% 6.6
Dracula’s Daughter May 11, 1936 Lambert Hillyer Otto Kruger, Gloria Holden, Marguerite Churchill, Edward Van Sloan, Irving Pichel, Nan Grey 46% 6.4
Night Key April 18, 1937 Lloyd Corrigan Boris Karloff, J. Warren Hull, Jean Rogers, Alan Baxter, Hobart Cavanaugh, Samuel Hinds, David Oliver, Ward Bond, Frank Reicher, Edwin Maxwell N/A 6.3
The Phantom Creeps
(serial film)
January 7, 1939 Ford Beebe and Saul A. Goodkind Bela Lugosi, Robert Kent, Dorothy Arnold, Regis Toomey, Edward Van Sloan N/A 4.6
Son of Frankenstein January 13, 1939 Rowland V. Lee Basil Rathbone, Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Lionel Atwill, Josephine Hutchinson, Donnie Dunagan 89% 7.2
Tower of London November 17, 1939 Rowland V. Lee Basil Rathbone, Boris Karloff, Barbara O’Neil, Ian Hunter, Vincent Price, Nan Grey, John Sutton, Leo G. Carroll, Miles Mander, Lionel Belmore, Rose Hobart N/A 6.7

1940s[edit]

During the 1940s, Universal released The Wolf Man (1941), with Lon Chaney, Jr. The junior Chaney became the studio’s leading monster movie actor in the 1940s, just as his father had been two decades earlier, supplanting the 1930s’ Karloff and Lugosi by a wide margin in terms of the number of leading roles that he played. Chaney, Jr. physically resembled his father apart from usually being somewhat overweight, which the senior Chaney never was. The studio dropped the “Jr.” from the junior Chaney’s billing almost immediately to confuse some in the audiences into assuming that this was the same actor.

In 1943, the studio created a remake of Phantom of the Opera, this time starring Nelson Eddy and Susanna Foster with Claude Rains as the Phantom.

The Frankenstein and Wolf Man series continued with The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942), in which Chaney, Jr. played Frankenstein’s monster and Lugosi reprised his role as Ygor, and Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943) with Lugosi as the Frankenstein monster and Chaney, Jr. as the Wolf Man. Son of Dracula (1943) featured Chaney, Jr. in Lugosi’s original role as the Count. The Mummy series was also continued with The Mummy’s Hand (1940), The Mummy’s Tomb (1942), The Mummy’s Ghost and The Mummy’s Curse (both 1944) with Chaney, Jr. as the Mummy in the last three films. House of Frankenstein (1944) and House of Dracula (1945) featured many of the monsters from the studio’s previous films. As the decade drew to a close, the comedy Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948) features Lugosi in his second movie as Count Dracula, starring alongside Chaney, Jr. as Larry Talbot (the Wolf Man), and Glenn Strange as Frankenstein’s monster.

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Cast RT[2] IMDb[3]
The Invisible Man Returns January 12, 1940 Joe May Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Vincent Price, Nan Grey, John Sutton, Cecil Kellaway 80% 6.5
Black Friday April 12, 1940 Arthur Lubin Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Stanley Ridges, Anne Nagel, Anne Gwynne, James Craig N/A 6.3
The Mummy’s Hand September 20, 1940 Christy Cabanne Dick Foran, Peggy Moran, Wallace Ford, Cecil Kellaway, Eduardo Ciannelli, George Zucco, Tom Tyler 67% 6.1
The Invisible Woman December 27, 1940 A. Edward Sutherland Virginia Bruce, John Barrymore, John Howard, Charlie Ruggles, Oscar Homolka N/A 6.1
Man Made Monster March 28, 1941 George Waggner Lionel Atwill, Anne Nagel, Frank Albertson, Samuel S. Hinds, Lon Chaney, Jr. N/A 6.3
Horror Island March 28, 1941 George Waggner Dick Foran, Leo Carrillo, Peggy Moran, Fuzzy Knight, Lewis Howard, Walter Catlett N/A 6.0
The Black Cat May 2, 1941 Albert S. Rogell Basil Rathbone, Hugh Herbert, Brod Crawford, Bela Lugosi, Gale Sondergaard, Anne Gwynne, Gladys Cooper, Cecelia Loftus, Claire Dodd N/A 6.3
The Wolf Man December 12, 1941 George Waggner Claude Rains, Warren William, Ralph Bellamy, Patric Knowles, Bela Lugosi, Maria Ouspenskaya, Evelyn Ankers, Lon Chaney, Jr. 94% 7.4
The Mad Doctor of Market Street February 27, 1942 Joseph H. Lewis Lionel Atwill, Una Merkel, Nat Pendleton, Claire Dodd, Richard Davies, Anne Nagel, Hardie Albright N/A 5.2
The Ghost of Frankenstein March 13, 1942 Erle C. Kenton Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Ralph Bellamy, Lionel Atwill, Bela Lugosi, Evelyn Ankers, Lon Chaney, Jr. 75% 6.1
The Strange Case of Doctor Rx April 17, 1942 William Nigh Patric Knowles, Lionel Atwill, Anne Gwynne, Mona Barrie, Paul Cavanagh, Samuel S. Hinds N/A 5.2
The Mystery of Marie Roget April 23, 1942 Phil Rosen Maria Montez, Patric Knowles, Maria Ouspenskaya, John Litel, Edward Norris, Lloyd Corrigan N/A 6.0
Invisible Agent July 31, 1942 Edwin L. Marin Ilona Massey, Jon Hall, Peter Lorre, Sir Cedric Hardwicke, J. Edward Bromberg, John Litel, Albert Bassermann N/A 6.1
Night Monster October 20, 1942 Ford Beebe Bela Lugosi, Lionel Atwill, Leif Erickson, Irene Hervey, Ralph Morgan, Don Porter, Nils Asther, Frank Reicher N/A 6.4
The Mummy’s Tomb October 23, 1942 Harold Young Lon Chaney, Jr., Dick Foran, John Hubbard, Elyse Knox, George Zucco, Wallace Ford, Turhan Bey 29% 5.7
Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man March 5, 1943 Roy William Neill Ilona Massey, Patric Knowles, Bela Lugosi, Lionel Atwill, Maria Ouspenskaya, Lon Chaney, Jr. 25% 6.6
Captive Wild Woman June 4, 1943 Edward Dmytryk Evelyn Ankers, John Carradine, Milburn Stone, Lloyd Corrigan, Martha MacVicar, Vince Barnett, Acquanetta 40% 5.7
Phantom of the Opera August 27, 1943 Arthur Lubin Nelson Eddy, Susanna Foster, Claude Rains, Edgar Barrier, Leo Carrillo, Jane Farrar, J. Edward Bromberg, Fritz Feld, Hume Cronyn 74% 6.5
Son of Dracula November 5, 1943 Robert Siodmak Louise Allbritton, Robert Paige, Evelyn Ankers, Frank Craven, J. Edward Bromberg, Samuel S. Hinds, Lon Chaney, Jr. 60% 6.2
The Mad Ghoul November 12, 1943 James P. Hogan Turhan Bey, Evelyn Ankers, David Bruce, George Zucco, Robert Armstrong, Milburn Stone N/A 5.8
Calling Dr. Death December 17, 1943 Reginald Le Borg Lon Chaney, Jr., Patricia Morison, J. Carrol Naish, Ramsay Ames, David Bruce N/A 6.1
Weird Woman March 1, 1944 Reginald Le Borg Lon Chaney, Jr., Anne Gwynne, Evelyn Ankers, Lois Collier, Ralph Morgan, Elisabeth Risdon, Elizabeth Russell N/A 6.5
Jungle Woman June 1, 1944 Reginald Le Borg Evelyn Ankers, J. Carrol Naish, Lois Collier, Milburn Stone, Douglass Dumbrille, Aquanetta N/A 5.3
The Invisible Man’s Revenge June 9, 1944 Ford Beebe Jon Hall, Leon Errol, John Carradine, Alan Curtis, Evelyn Ankers, Gale Sondergaard N/A 5.8
The Mummy’s Ghost July 7, 1944 Reginald Le Borg Lon Chaney, Jr., John Carradine, Ramsay Ames, Barton MacLane, George Zucco, Robert Lowery 33% 5.8
The Climax October 20, 1944 George Waggner Susanna Foster, Turhan Bey, Boris Karloff, Gale Sondergaard, June Vincent, Thomas Gomez, George Dolenz, Jane Farrar, Ludwig Stössel N/A 5.4
Dead Man’s Eyes November 10, 1944 Reginald Le Borg Lon Chaney, Jr., Jean Parker, Paul Kelly, Thomas Gomez, Jonathan Hale, George Meeker, Acquanetta N/A 6.1
House of Frankenstein December 1, 1944 Erle C. Kenton Boris Karloff, Lon Chaney, Jr., John Carradine, J. Carrol Naish, Anne Gwynne, Peter Coe, Elena Verdugo, Lionel Atwill 55% 6.3
The Mummy’s Curse December 22, 1944 Leslie Goodwins Lon Chaney, Jr., Peter Coe, Kay Harding, Martin Kosleck, Virginia Christine, Kurt Katch 44% 5.6
The Frozen Ghost June 1, 1945 Harold Young Lon Chaney, Jr., Evelyn Ankers, Elena Verdugo, Tala Birell, Martin Kosleck, Douglass Dumbrille, Milburn Stone N/A 5.9
The Jungle Captive June 29, 1945 Harold Young Otto Kruger, Amelita Ward, Phil Brown, Jerome Cowan, Vicky Lane, Rondo Hatton N/A 5.5
Strange Confession October 5, 1945 John Hoffman Lon Chaney, Jr., Brenda Joyce, J. Carrol Naish, Lloyd Bridges, Milburn Stone, Addison Richards N/A 6.9
House of Dracula December 7, 1945 Erle C. Kenton Lon Chaney, Jr., Martha O’Driscoll, John Carradine, Lionel Atwill, Onslow Stevens, Glenn Strange, Jane Adams, Ludwig Stössel 50% 5.8
Pillow of Death December 14, 1945 Wallace Fox Lon Chaney, Jr., Brenda Joyce, J. Edward Bromberg, Rosalind Ivan, Clara Blandick N/A 6.1
The Spider Woman Strikes Back March 22, 1946 Arthur Lubin Gale Sondergaard, Kirby Grant, Brenda Joyce, Milburn Stone, Rondo Hatton N/A 6.5
House of Horrors March 29, 1946 Jean Yarbrough Bill Goodwin, Robert Lowery, Virginia Grey, Martin Kosleck, Alan Napier, Joan Fulton, Rondo Hatton N/A 6.3
She-Wolf of London May 17, 1946 Jean Yarbrough June Lockhart, Don Porter, Sara Haden, Eily Malon 17% 5.2
The Cat Creeps May 17, 1946 Erle C. Kenton Lois Collier, Fred Brady, Paul Kelly, Noah Beery, Jr., Douglass Dumbrille, Rose Hobart N/A 5.5
The Brute Man October 1, 1946 Jean Yarbrough Tom Neal, Jane Adams, Jan Wiley, Peter Whitney, Donald MacBride, Rondo Hatton N/A 3.8
Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein June 15, 1948 Charles Barton Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Lon Chaney, Jr., Bela Lugosi, Glenn Strange, Lenore Aubert, Jane Randolph 88% 7.6
Abbott and Costello Meet the Killer, Boris Karloff August 22, 1949 Charles Barton Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Boris Karloff N/A 7.1

1950s[edit]

Abbott and Costello appeared in films featuring characters such as the Mummy and the Invisible Man.

Creature from the Black Lagoon, directed by Jack Arnold, was released in 1954. Dracula and Frankenstein were re-released as double features in theatres, and were later broadcast in syndication on American television in 1957 as part of the Shock Theater package of Universal Monster Movies.[4] Magazines such as Famous Monsters of Filmland covered the monster films. Universal spent the last half of the decade issuing a number of one-shot monster films.

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Cast RT[2] IMDb[3]
Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man March 19, 1951 Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Nancy Guild, Adele Jergens, Arthur Franz, William Frawley, Sheldon Leonard 78% 7.0
The Strange Door December 8, 1951 Joseph Pevney Charles Laughton, Boris Karloff, Sally Forrest, Richard Stapley N/A 6.3
The Black Castle December 25, 1952 Nathan H. Juran Richard Greene, Boris Karloff, Stephen McNally, Rita Corday, Lon Chaney, Jr., John Hoyt, Michael Pate, Nancy Valentine N/A 6.4
It Came from Outer Space May 25, 1953 Jack Arnold Richard Carlson, Barbara Rush, Charles Drake, Russell Johnson, Kathleen Hughes, Joe Sawyer 81% 6.6
Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde August 10, 1953 Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Boris Karloff, Helen Westcott, Craig Stevens, Reginald Denny 71% 6.7
Creature from the Black Lagoon February 12, 1954 Jack Arnold Richard Carlson and Julia Adams, Richard Denning, Antonio Moreno, Nestor Paiva, Whit Bissell 84% 7.0
Revenge of the Creature March 23, 1955 Jack Arnold John Agar, Lori Nelson, John Bromfield, Nestor Paiva 25% 5.5
Cult of the Cobra May 30, 1955 Francis D. Lyon Faith Domergue, Richard Long, Marshall Thompson, Kathleen Hughes, William Reynolds, Jack Kelly, Myrna Hansen, David Janssen N/A 5.8
This Island Earth June 1, 1955 Joseph M. Newman and Jack Arnold Jeff Morrow, Faith Domergue, Rex Reason, Lance Fuller, Russell Johnson 71% 5.8
Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy June 23, 1955 Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Marie Windsor, Michael Ansara, Peggy King 27% 6.5
Tarantula December 14, 1955 Jack Arnold John Agar, Mara Corday, Leo G. Carroll, Nestor Paiva, Ross Elliott 92% 6.5
The Creature Walks Among Us April 26, 1956 John Sherwood Jeff Morrow, Rex Reason, Leigh Snowden, Gregg Palmer, Maurice Manson 43% 5.8
Curucu, Beast of the Amazon December 1956 Curt Siodmak John Bromfield , Beverly Garland, Larri Thomas, Tom Payne, Harvey Chalk N/A 3.9
The Mole People December 1956 Virgil W. Vogel John Agar, Cynthia Patrick, Hugh Beaumont, Nestor Paiva, Alan Napier N/A 4.7
The Incredible Shrinking Man February 22, 1957 Jack Arnold Grant Williams, Randy Stuart, April Kent, Paul Langton, Raymond Bailey 89% 7.7
The Deadly Mantis May 26, 1957 Nathan H. Juran Craig Stevens, Alix Talton, William Hopper, Florenz Ames, Donald Randolph 38% 4.7
The Land Unknown October 30, 1957 Virgil W. Vogel Jock Mahoney, Shawn Smith, William Reynolds, Henry Brandon, Phil Harvey, Douglas Kennedy N/A 5.8
The Monolith Monsters December 18, 1957 John Sherwood Grant Williams, Lola Albright, Les Tremayne, Phil Harvey, Trevor Bardette N/A 6.5
The Thing That Couldn’t Die June 27, 1958 Will Cowan William Reynolds, Andra Martin, Carolyn Kearney, Jeffrey Stone N/A 3.4
Monster on the Campus December 17, 1958 Jack Arnold Arthur Franz, Joanna Moore, Judson Pratt, Nancy Walters, Troy Donohue, The Beast N/A 5.8
Curse of the Undead May 1959 Edward Dein Eric Fleming, Kathleen Crowley, Michael Pate, John Hoyt, Bruce Gordon N/A 5.9
The Leech Woman May 1960 Edward Dein Coleen Gray, Grant Williams, Gloria Talbott, Phillip Terry N/A 4.3

Recurring cast and characters[edit]

Remakes[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Cast RT[2]
Dracula July 13, 1979 John Badham Frank Langella and Laurence Olivier 58%
The Mummy May 7, 1999 Stephen Sommers Brendan Fraser and Arnold Vosloo 55%
The Mummy Returns May 4, 2001 Stephen Sommers Brendan Fraser and Arnold Vosloo 47%
Van Helsing May 7, 2004 Stephen Sommers Hugh Jackman and Kate Beckinsale 23%
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor August 1, 2008 Rob Cohen Brendan Fraser and Jet Li 12%
The Wolfman February 12, 2010 Joe Johnston Benicio del Toro, Anthony Hopkins, Emily Blunt, and Hugo Weaving 34%
Dracula Untold October 10, 2014 Gary Shore Luke Evans 22%

2010s shared universe[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
The Mummy June 9, 2017[5] Alex Kurtzman Jon Spaihts and Christopher McQuarrie Alex Kurtzman, Roberto Orci, Chris Morgan and Sean Daniel Post-production
Untitled film April 13, 2018[6] TBA TBA TBA In development
Untitled film February 15, 2019[6] TBA TBA TBA
Untitled Invisible Man film TBA TBA Ed Solomon Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan
Untitled Wolf Man film TBA TBA Aaron Guzikowski and David Callaham Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan
Untitled Van Helsing film TBA TBA Jon Spaihts and Eric Heisserer (script)
Dan Mazeau (screenplay)
Alex Kurtzman, Roberto Orci and Chris Morgan
Untitled Creature from the Black Lagoon film TBA TBA Jeff Pinkner TBA
Untitled Bride of Frankenstein film TBA TBA David Koepp TBA

Creature from the Black Lagoon

Image result for CREATURE FROM THE BLACK LAGOON GIFS

Image result for CREATURE FROM THE BLACK LAGOON GIFS

Image result for CREATURE FROM THE BLACK LAGOON GIFS

Image result for CREATURE FROM THE BLACK LAGOON GIFS

Creature from the Black Lagoon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Creature from the Black Lagoon
Creature from the Black Lagoon poster.jpg

Directed by Jack Arnold
Produced by William Alland
Screenplay by Harry Essex
Arthur A. Ross
Story by Maurice Zimm
Starring Richard Carlson
Julia Adams
Richard Denning
Antonio Moreno
Music by Henry Mancini
Hans J. Salter
Herman Stein
Cinematography William E. Snyder
Edited by Ted J. Kent
Production
company
Universal Pictures
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date
  • February 12, 1954 (1954-02-12)

(premiere)[1]

  • March 5, 1954 (1954-03-05)

(et al., regional openings)

Running time
79 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget unknown
Box office $1,300,000

Creature from the Black Lagoon is a 1954 American black-and-white 3D monster horror film from Universal Pictures, produced by William Alland, directed by Jack Arnold, that stars Richard Carlson, Julia Adams, Richard Denning, Antonio Moreno, and Whit Bissell. The Creature was played by Ben Chapman on land and by Ricou Browning underwater. The film premiered in Detroit on February 12 and was released on a regional basis, opening on various dates.[1]

Creature from the Black Lagoon was filmed in 3D and originally projected by the polarized light method. The audience wore viewers with gray polarizing filters, similar to the viewers most commonly used today. Because the brief 1950s 3D film fad had peaked in mid-1953 and was fading fast in early 1954, many audiences actually saw the film “flat”, in 2D. Typically, the film was shown in 3D in large downtown theaters and flat in smaller neighborhood theaters. In 1975 Creature from the Black Lagoon was re-released to theaters in the inferior red-and-blue-glasses anaglyph 3D format, which was also used for a 1980 home video release on Beta and VHS videocassettes.[1]

For marketing reasons, a comedic short TV special was aired prior to film’s release titled Abbott and Costello Meet the Creature from the Black Lagoon. Ben Chapman reprised his role as the Gill-Man for the program.[citation needed]

Creature from the Black Lagoon generated two sequels: Revenge of the Creature (1955), which was also filmed and released in 3D in hopes of reviving the format, and The Creature Walks Among Us (1956), filmed in 2D. The creature, also known as the Gill-man, is usually counted among the classic Universal Monsters.[citation needed]

Plot[edit]

Autographed Julie Adams still featuring the Creature menacing Kay.

A geology expedition in the Amazon uncovers fossilized evidence from the Devonian period of a link between land and sea animals: a skeletal hand with webbed fingers. Expedition leader Dr. Carl Maia (Antonio Moreno) visits his friend and former student, Dr. David Reed (Richard Carlson), an ichthyologist. He works at an aquarium in California and has also been a guest at Maia’s marine biology institute in Brazil for more than a month. Reed persuades his boss, the financially minded Dr. Mark Williams (Richard Denning), to fund a return expedition to the Amazon to look for the remainder of the skeleton.

The group goes aboard the tramp steamer Rita, which is captained by crusty old Lucas (Nestor Paiva). The expedition consists of David, Carl, and Mark, as well as Reed’s girlfriend and colleague, Kay Lawrence (Julie Adams), and another scientist, Dr. Edwin Thompson (Whit Bissell). When they arrive at the camp, they discover that Maia’s entire research team has been mysteriously killed while he was away. Lucas suggests it was likely done by a jaguar, but the others are unsure. In fact, the camp was attacked by a piscine amphibious humanoid, a living member of the same species from which the fossil originated. The creature, curious about the expedition, goes to the camp. When its sudden appearance frightens the members, they attack it, and in response the enraged creature kills them.

The excavation of the area where Carl found the hand turns up nothing. Mark is ready to give up the search, but David suggests that perhaps thousands of years ago the part of the embankment containing the rest of the skeleton fell into the water and was washed downriver, broken up by the current. Lucas says that the tributary empties into a lagoon. Lucas calls it the “Black Lagoon”, a paradise from which no one has ever returned. The scientists decide to risk it, unaware that the amphibious “Gill-man” that killed Carl’s assistants earlier has been watching them. Taking notice of the beautiful Kay, it follows the Rita all the way downriver to the Black Lagoon. Once the expedition arrives, David and Mark go diving to collect fossils from the lagoon floor. After they return, Kay goes swimming and is stalked underwater by the creature, who then gets briefly caught in one of the ship’s drag lines. Although it escapes, the creature leaves behind a claw in the net, revealing its existence to the scientists.

Subsequent encounters with the Gill-man claim the lives of Lucas’s crew members, before the creature is captured and locked in a cage aboard the Rita. It escapes during the night, attacking Edwin, who was guarding it. Edwin smashes the beast with a lantern, driving it off. Following this incident, David decides they should return to civilization, but as the Rita tries to leave, they find the lagoon’s entrance blocked by fallen logs, courtesy of the escaped Gill-man. While the others attempt to remove the logs, Mark is mauled to death trying to capture the creature underwater, single handedly. It then abducts Kay and takes her to its cavern lair. David, Lucas, and Carl give chase, and Kay is rescued. The creature is riddled with bullets before retreating to the lagoon, where its body sinks into the watery depths.

Cast[edit]

Ginger Stanley did underwater stunts in the first two films.[2]

Production[edit]

Producer William Alland was attending a 1941 dinner party during the filming of Citizen Kane (in which he played the reporter Thompson) when Mexican cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa told him about the myth of a race of half-fish, half-human creatures in the Amazon River. Alland wrote story notes titled “The Sea Monster” 10 years later. His inspiration was Beauty and the Beast. In December 1952 Maurice Zimm expanded this into a treatment, which Harry Essex and Arthur Ross rewrote as The Black Lagoon. Following the success of the 3D film House of Wax in 1953, Jack Arnold was hired to direct the film in the same format.[3]

The designer of the approved Gill-man was Disney animator Millicent Patrick, though her role was deliberately downplayed by make-up artist Bud Westmore, who for half a century would receive sole credit for the creature’s conception.[4] Jack Kevan, who worked on The Wizard of Oz (1939) and made prosthetics for amputees during World War II, created the bodysuit, while Chris Mueller, Jr. sculpted the head.

Ben Chapman portrayed the Gill-man for the majority of the film shot at Universal City, California. Many of the on-top of the water scenes were filmed at Rice Creek near Palatka, Florida. The costume made it impossible for Chapman to sit for the 14 hours of each day that he wore it, and it overheated easily, so he stayed in the back lot’s lake, often requesting to be hosed down. He also could not see very well while wearing the headpiece, which caused him to scrape Julie Adams’ head against the wall when carrying her in the grotto scenes. Ricou Browning played the Gill-Man in the underwater shots, which were filmed by the second unit in Wakulla Springs, Florida.[3]

Reception[edit]

Thirty-two critics at the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an 84% positive rating, with an average score of 6.9 out of 10.

Critical reception[edit]

Creature from the Black Lagoon received positive reviews from critics upon its release and is now considered a classic.[citation needed] Leonard Maltin awarded the film three out of a possible four stars, writing, “Archetypal ’50s monster movie has been copied so often that some of the edge is gone, but … is still entertaining, with juicy atmosphere and luminous underwater photography sequences.”[5] Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported an approval rating of 84%, based on 32 reviews, with a rating average of 6.9/10.[6] The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Novelization[edit]

Creature from the Black Lagoon was novelized in 1954 by John Russell Fearn under the pseudonym of “Vargo Statten”, then later, in 1977, in mass market paperback under the pseudonym of “Carl Dreadstone”. This was part of a short-lived series of books based on the classic Universal horror films. The 1977 book was introduced by Ramsey Campbell, but was written by Walter Harris. The 1977 novel offers a completely different Gill-man, who in this version of the story is gigantic, almost as big as the Rita herself, weighing in at 30 tons. It is both coldblooded and warmblooded, is a hermaphrodite, and also possesses a long whip-like tail. The gigantic creature is dubbed “AA”, for “Advanced Amphibian”, by the expedition team members. After slaying most of the team members, destroying a Sikorsky helicopter, and kidnapping Kay more than once, the creature is killed by the crew of a United States Navy torpedo boat.

The 1977 novel also differs greatly with respect to the human characters. Only David Reed and Kay Lawrence remain the same. Mark Williams is a German named “Bruno Gebhardt” and dies not as a result from drowning, but by the monster falling on him. Lucas is named “Jose Goncalves Fonseca de Souza” and is a mostly sympathetic character, until his suggestion of throwing the wounded and unconscious Reed to the monster makes an enraged Gebhardt/Williams throw “him” to the beast instead. Dr. Thompson and Dr. Maia both die grisly deaths, whereas in the movie they survive; Maia is eaten by the monster, and Thompson is impaled on a long tree branch flung at him by the creature like a spear (in an apparent nod to a deleted scene from Revenge of the Creature wherein the Gill-man killed a guard in this fashion).

Remake[edit]

In 1982 John Landis wanted Jack Arnold to direct a remake of the film, and Nigel Kneale was commissioned to write the screenplay. Kneale completed the script, which involved a pair of creatures, one destructive and the other calm and sensitive, being persecuted by the United States Navy.[9] A decision to make the film in 3D led to the remake being canceled by producers at Universal, both for budgetary concerns and to avoid a clash with Jaws 3-D.[9] In July 1992 John Carpenter was developing the remake at Universal with a script by Bill Phillips.[10] Herschel Weingrod and Timothy Harris wrote a new script,[11] and Universal offered Peter Jackson the director’s position in 1995, but he chose to work on King Kong instead.[12] In February 1996 Ivan Reitman was planning to direct the remake, but the outing never materialized.[11] With the financial success of The Mummy remake in May 1999, development of the Creature from the Black Lagoon remake was revived.[13]

In December 2001 Gary Ross signed on to write and produce the remake with his father, Arthur A. Ross, one of the original’s writers. He told The Hollywood Reporter, “The story my father wrote embodies the clash between primitive men and civilized men, and that obviously makes it a fertile area for re-examination.”[14] In August 2002, Guillermo del Toro, a fan of the original, was attached as director.[15] Because of his commitments to numerous other projects, Universal was forced to go without del Toro and hired Tedi Sarafian (credited on Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines) to write a script in March 2003.[16]

In October 2005 Breck Eisner signed on as director. “As a kid, I remember loving Jack Arnold’s original version of this film”, he explained. “What I really want to do is update an iconic image from the ’50s and bring in more of the sci-fi sensibility of Alien or John Carpenter’s The Thing (1982).”[17] Ross said in March 2007 the Gill-man’s origin would be reinvented, with him being the result of a pharmaceutical corporation polluting the Amazon. “It’s about the rainforest being exploited for profit”, he said.[18]

The production was delayed, however, by the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike; as a result, Eisner made The Crazies (2010) the number one on his priority list instead. His new goal was to finish filming The Crazies and then begin filming Creature from the Black Lagoon in Manaus, Brazil and on the Amazon River in Peru. Eisner was inspired to shoot on location by the film Fitzcarraldo, and the boat set had been built. Eisner continued to rewrite the script, which was to be a summer blockbuster full of “action and excitement, but [still] scary”. Eisner spent six months designing the new incarnation of the Gill-man with Mark McCreery (Jurassic Park, and Davy Jones‘ designer). The director said the design was “very faithful to the original, but updated” and that the Gill-man would still be sympathetic.[19]

In 2009 it was reported that Carl Erik Rinsch might direct a 2010 remake that would be produced by Marc Abraham, Eric Newman and Gary Ross;[20][21] however, a project featuring this ensemble had been abandoned by 2011.

In March 2012 Universal announced that a reboot was in production, and would simply be titled The Black Lagoon rather than Creature from the Black Lagoon, in order to distinguish the two versions. In October 2012, the studio hired Dave Kajganich to write the film.[22] The film was expected to hit theaters by May 2014, but was ultimately cancelled.

[Note 1] On April 9, 2015, Tracking Board reports that the studio are offering actress Scarlett Johansson for the lead role.[23]

On August 9, 2015 it was reported that The Amazing Spider-Man 2 writer Jeff Pinker had been hired to write the film.[24]

Home media[edit]

In 1980 Universal released Creature from the Black Lagoon on video cassette in an anaglyph 3D version, using the Deep Vision anaglyph 3D release as its source. Subsequent releases on VHS, Beta and DVD were the 2D version. On October 2, 2012, Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released the film on Blu-ray as a 2D / Blu-ray 3D dual format disc as part of the “Universal Classic Monsters: The Essential Collection” box set. On June 4, 2013, the Creature from the Black Lagoon Blu-ray disc was released as a stand-alone title.

Legacy[edit]

See also[edit]

SUSIE LEE

Image result for SUSIE LEE ACTRESS

Image result for SUSIE LEE ACTRESS

 

FILMOLOGY:

2017 IMAGINARY MARY DIFFERENT MOM

2017 WHEN WE RISE LESBIAN

2016 SUPERNATURAL (TV SERIES) ELIZABETH

2016 FREQUENCY (TV SERIES) NYPD OFFICER

2016 THE BLEEDING EDGE NURSE

2014 CHEAT MRS BRADEN

2014 AETERNUS (SHORT) VANESSA

2010 BETRAYED KAI

2009 FRINGE (TV SEREIS) TERRIFIED WOMAN

 

CANDACE WOODS

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Image result for CANDACE WOODS

Image result for CANDACE WOODS

Image result for CANDACE WOODS

Image result for CANDACE WOODS

 

FILMOLOGY:

2017  HARD DAYS, WET NIGHTS (TV SERIES) BLACK LODGE GIRL

2017 SUPERNATURAL (TV SERIES) ANGEL # 1

2016 THE YOUNG ECCENTRICS (TV SERIES) PAINTER

2015 IZOMBIE (TV SERIES) DESTINY

2013 THE GUERILLA PICTURE SHOW

2010 WHITE RABBIT (SHORT) JUNE

2010 LIFE WITH AN ACCENT (TV SERIES) MICHELLE

2010 OUT OF THE NIGHT (SHORT) AYLA

2009 LAZY SUSAN MAID

JORDANA LARGY

Image result for jordana largy wikipedia

Image result for jordana largy wikipedia

Image result for jordana largy wikipedia

Image result for jordana largy wikipedia

Jordana Largy Upcoming Movies & Filmography

Movie Rememory Freddie 2017-01-25
Movie Anything for Love 2016-02-14
Movie Stranger in the House Samantha 2016-07-01
Movie Death of a Vegas Showgirl Susan 2016-11-27
Movie Come and Find Me Mrs. Garan’s Assistant 2016-11-11
Movie Eadweard Susan 2015-02-28
Movie Into the Forest Margot 2015-11-17
Movie Happy Face Killer Candy 2014-03-01
Movie That Burning Feeling Nan 2014-05-02
Series Motive Rita Sopressa 2013-02-03
Movie A Bride for Christmas Marcie 2012-12-01
Movie Good Morning, Killer Rape Victim 2011-12-13
Movie Takedown Sam 2010-04-16
Movie Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins Teen Female In Car 2009-09-12
Series Fringe Coat Check Girl 2008-09-09

BETH KEENER

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

Image result for beth keener movies and tv shows

 

FILMOLOGY:

2017 DIARY OF A WHIMPY KID  REPORTER

2017 FIST FIGHT NEWS WOMAN

2016 LIGHTS, CAMERA, LOCATION HOST

2016 ZOE EVER AFTER (TV SERIES) POPPY

2015 THE WALKING DEAD (TV SERIES) ANNIE

2015 COFFEE DATE (SHORT) ALICE

2014 OFFICE WANKER: WORST RESPONDER BETH

2014 WRECKLESS (TV SERIES) AMBER WHEELAN

2014 FINDING CARTER (TV SERIES) MADISON

2014 HR TRICIA JAMES

2013 THE THINK TANK (TV SERIES) DONNA MARTIN

2013 IMPLANTED CAMILLE

2013 MOMENTS (SHORT) LYNN

2013 THE WATSONS GO TO BIRMINGHAM  ELLEN WAITRESS

2013 THE GAME (TV SERIES) JOURNALIST

2013 ANNA NICOLE  REPORTER

2012 A ZOMBIE INVASION SUE

2012 NECESSARY ROUGHNESS (TV SERIES) DEBBIE WEINER

2011 BATTLE LOS ANGELES KELLY MARTINEZ

2010 HEARTLESS MAIDEN

2009 THE VAMPIRE (TV SERIES) GIRL

2009 ARMY WIVES (TV SERIES) MS. SUTTON

2009 DROP DEAD DIVA (TV SERIES) BETH

2009 MY FAKE FIANCE CARMEN

2009 I AM THE BLUEBIRD (SHORT) CAMILLE

2009 ONE TREE HILL (TV SERIES) HALEY

2009 SOLVING CHARLIE DARCY

2008 SOMEBODIES (TV SERIES) NINA

2008 ATLANTA HOMICIDE (TV SERIES) DR. SPEARS

2008 WHEREVER YOU ARE  ELIZABETH KEENER

2007 BAD LAND LAURIE

2007 MAX LUCADO KATHERINE

2007 DEATH SENTENCE AMY

2007 PIN WHEEL (SHORT) NATALIE

2007 EIGHTY EIGHT KEYS (SHORT) VANESSA TOPAZ

 

 

 

ELIZABETH KEENER

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Image result for ELIZABETH  keener

Image result for ELIZABETH  keener

Elizabeth Keener

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elizabeth Keener
Born (1966-12-01) December 1, 1966 (age 50)
Miami, Florida, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1994–present
Relatives Catherine Keener (sister)

Elizabeth Keener (born December 1, 1966) is an American actress. She is best known for playing Dawn Denbo on the Showtime American lesbian drama, The L Word.[1]

Career[edit]

The L Word[edit]

Keener joined The L Word during Season 5 as entrepreneur Dawn Denbo (AKA Double D), who started a rival lesbian bar with her lover Cindi (played by Alicia Leigh Willis) having both recently moved to LA from Miami to open a lesbian club, called SheBar.[citation needed] She remained from episode 4 named: “Let’s Get This Party Started” until the last episode of season 5 named “Loyal and True”.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Keener was born in Miami, Florida. Her father is of Irish descent and her mother is of Lebanese descent.[2] Keener is the younger sister of actress Catherine Keener.

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1994 Teresea’s Tattoo Party Babe
2003 Farm Sluts Janet
2004 Cross Bronx Kathy Mac
2005 Getting To Know You Tenny Bell Short film
2005 The Receipt Bitch Clerk
2006 Friends With Money Lancôme SalesWoman
2007 My Insignificant Other Wendy Short film
2008 Forgetting Sarah Marshall Flight Attendant (Uncredited)
2009 My Fake Fiancé Carmen
2010 Please Give Cathy
2010 Out In The Desert Herself Documentary
Post-production
2011 Queens Of The World Adrienne Kessler In production
2012 Detroit Winter Officer Lenin Post-Production
2015 The Chosen Eliza

2016 SKIRTCHASERS ROBYN SAMUELS

Television
Year Title Role Notes
1996 Ellen Trendy Woman
2000 Grapevine Donna
2001 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Amy Shepperd Guest role
2001 Felicity (TV series) Chris
2007 Crossing Jordan Stacey
2008 The L Word Dawn Denbo Recurring guest role
2010 My Generation (TV series) The Filmmaker
2010 Dishing It Up TBA TV Movie
2011 Lucky TBA season 1, Episode 6. ‘Ace Pitches A Deal’.
Other work
Year Title Role Notes
2008 3Way Celia Sanderson Web series
2009 Brunch With Bridget Herself Web series

Commercial work[edit]

Keener has been in various commercials including an Oscar Mayer lunch meat commercial, a Lay’s potato chip commercial and a 7 Up commercial.[citation needed]

Awards[edit]

Gotham Awards: 2010 Nominated Best Ensemble Cast for: Please Give (2010).[citation needed]