TRIBUTE TO THE GREAT CHUCK BERRY

 

Chuck Berry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry 1957.jpg

Berry in 1957
Background information
Birth name Charles Edward Anderson Berry
Born (1926-10-18)October 18, 1926
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Died March 18, 2017(2017-03-18) (aged 90)
St. Charles, Missouri, U.S.
Genres Rock and roll
Occupation(s) Musician, singer, songwriter
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active 1953–2017
Labels Chess, Mercury, Atco
Associated acts Johnnie Johnson, T-Bone Walker, Muddy Waters
Website www.chuckberry.com

Charles Edward AndersonChuckBerry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American guitarist, singer and songwriter and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as “Maybellene” (1955), “Roll Over Beethoven” (1956), “Rock and Roll Music” (1957) and “Johnny B. Goode” (1958), Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics focusing on teen life and consumerism and music featuring guitar solos and showmanship that were a major influence on subsequent rock music.[1]

Born into a middle-class African-American family in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry had an interest in music from an early age and gave his first public performance at Sumner High School. While still a high school student he was convicted of armed robbery and was sent to a reformatory, where he was held from 1944 to 1947. After his release, Berry settled into married life and worked at an automobile assembly plant. Berry claimed on The Tonight Show he was influenced primarily by 1940s swing artist Louis Jordan. “The main guy was Louis Jordan. I wanted to sing like Nat Cole, with lyrics like Louis Jordan with the swing of Bennie Goodman with Charlie Christian on guitar, playing Carl Hogan’s riffs, with the soul of Muddy Waters.”[2] By early 1953, influenced by the guitar riffs and showmanship techniques of the blues musician T-Bone Walker, Berry began performing with the Johnnie Johnson Trio.[3] His break came when he traveled to Chicago in May 1955 and met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess, of Chess Records. With Chess he recorded “Maybellene”—Berry’s adaptation of the country song “Ida Red“—which sold over a million copies, reaching number one on Billboard magazine’s rhythm and blues chart. By the end of the 1950s, Berry was an established star with several hit records and film appearances and a lucrative touring career. He had also established his own St. Louis nightclub, Berry’s Club Bandstand. But in January 1962, he was sentenced to three years in prison for offenses under the Mann Act—he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines.[3][4][5]

After his release in 1963, Berry had more hits in the mid-1960s, including “No Particular Place to Go“, “You Never Can Tell“, and “Nadine”. By the mid-1970s, he was more in demand as a live performer, playing his past hits with local backup bands of variable quality.[3] In 1979 he served 120 days in prison for tax evasion.

Berry was among the first musicians to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on its opening in 1986; he was cited for having “laid the groundwork for not only a rock and roll sound but a rock and roll stance.”[6] Berry is included in several of Rolling Stone magazine’s “greatest of all time” lists; he was ranked fifth on its 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[7] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame‘s 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll includes three of Berry’s: “Johnny B. Goode“, “Maybellene“, and “Rock and Roll Music“.[8] Berry’s “Johnny B. Goode” is the only rock-and-roll song included on the Voyager Golden Record.[9]

Biography and career

Early life and apprenticeship with Johnnie Johnson (1926–1954)

Born in St. Louis, Missouri,[10] Berry was the fourth child in a family of six. He grew up in the north St. Louis neighborhood known as The Ville, an area where many middle-class people lived at the time. His father, Henry, was a contractor and deacon of a nearby Baptist church; his mother, Martha, was a certified public school principal. His upbringing allowed him to pursue his interest in music from an early age. He gave his first public performance in 1941 while still a student at Sumner High School.[11]

In 1944, while still a student at Sumner High School, he was arrested for armed robbery after robbing three shops in Kansas City, Missouri, and then stealing a car at gunpoint with some friends.[12][13] Berry’s account in his autobiography is that his car broke down and he flagged down a passing car and stole it at gunpoint with a nonfunctional pistol.[14] He was convicted and sent to the Intermediate Reformatory for Young Men at Algoa, near Jefferson City, Missouri,[10] where he formed a singing quartet and did some boxing.[12] The singing group became competent enough that the authorities allowed it to perform outside the detention facility.[15] Berry was released from the reformatory on his 21st birthday in 1947.

Berry married Themetta “Toddy” Suggs on October 28, 1948, who gave birth to Darlin Ingrid Berry on October 3, 1950.[16] Berry supported his family by taking various jobs in St. Louis, working briefly as a factory worker at two automobile assembly plants and as a janitor in the apartment building where he and his wife lived. Afterwards he trained as a beautician at the Poro College of Cosmetology, founded by Annie Turnbo Malone.[17] He was doing well enough by 1950 to buy a “small three room brick cottage with a bath” on Whittier Street,[18] which is now listed as the Chuck Berry House on the National Register of Historic Places.[19]

By the early 1950s, Berry was working with local bands in clubs in St. Louis as an extra source of income.[17] He had been playing blues since his teens, and he borrowed both guitar riffs and showmanship techniques from the blues musician T-Bone Walker.[20] He also took guitar lessons from his friend Ira Harris, which laid the foundation for his guitar style.[21]

By early 1953 Berry was performing with Johnnie Johnson‘s trio, starting a long-time collaboration with the pianist.[22] The band played mostly blues and ballads, but the most popular music among whites in the area was country. Berry wrote, “Curiosity provoked me to lay a lot of our country stuff on our predominantly black audience and some of our black audience began whispering ‘who is that black hillbilly at the Cosmo?’ After they laughed at me a few times they began requesting the hillbilly stuff and enjoyed dancing to it.”[10]

Berry’s calculated showmanship, along with a mix of country tunes and R&B tunes, sung in the style of Nat King Cole set to the music of Muddy Waters, brought in a wider audience, particularly affluent white people.[3][23]

Signing with Chess: “Maybellene” to “Come On” (1955–1962)

Berry in a 1958 publicity photo

In May 1955, Berry traveled to Chicago, where he met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess, of Chess Records. Berry thought his blues music would be of more interest to Chess, but to his surprise it was a traditional country fiddle tune, “Ida Red“, as recorded by Bob Wills,[24] that got Chess’s attention. Chess had seen the rhythm and blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond it, and he thought Berry might be the artist for that purpose. On May 21, 1955, Berry recorded an adaptation of the “Ida Red”, under the title “Maybellene“, with Johnnie Johnson on the piano, Jerome Green (from Bo Diddley‘s band) on the maracas, Jasper Thomas on the drums and Willie Dixon on the bass. “Maybellene” sold over a million copies, reaching number one on Billboard magazine’s rhythm and blues chart and number five on its Best Sellers in Stores chart for September 10, 1955.[10][25]

At the end of June 1956, his song “Roll Over Beethoven” reached number 29 on the Billboards Top 100 chart, and Berry toured as one of the “Top Acts of ’56”. He and Carl Perkins became friends. Perkins said that “I knew when I first heard Chuck that he’d been affected by country music. I respected his writing; his records were very, very great.” As they toured, Perkins discovered that Berry not only liked country music but also knew about as many songs as he did. Jimmie Rodgers was one of his favorites. “Chuck knew every Blue Yodel and most of Bill Monroe‘s songs as well”, Perkins remembered. “He told me about how he was raised very poor, very tough. He had a hard life. He was a good guy. I really liked him.”[26]

In late 1957, Berry took part in Alan Freed‘s “Biggest Show of Stars for 1957”, touring the United States with the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, and others.[27] He was a guest on ABC‘s Guy Mitchell Show, singing his hit song “Rock ‘n’ Roll Music”. The hits continued from 1957 to 1959, with Berry scoring over a dozen chart singles during this period, including the US Top 10 hits “School Days“, “Rock and Roll Music“, “Sweet Little Sixteen“, and “Johnny B. Goode“. He appeared in two early rock-and-roll movies: Rock Rock Rock (1956), in which he sang “You Can’t Catch Me”, and Go, Johnny, Go! (1959), in which he had a speaking role as himself and performed “Johnny B. Goode”, “Memphis, Tennessee“, and “Little Queenie“. His performance of “Sweet Little Sixteen” at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1958 was captured in the motion picture Jazz on a Summer’s Day.[28]

By the end of the 1950s, Berry was a high-profile established star with several hit records and film appearances and a lucrative touring career. He had opened a racially integrated St. Louis nightclub, Berry’s Club Bandstand, and invested in real estate.[29] But in December 1959, he was arrested under the Mann Act after allegations that he had sexual intercourse with a 14-year-old Apache waitress, Janice Escalante,[30] whom he had transported across state lines to work as a hatcheck girl at his club.[31] After a two-week trial in March 1960, he was convicted, fined $5,000, and sentenced to five years in prison.[32] He appealed the decision, arguing that the judge’s comments and attitude were racist and prejudiced the jury against him. The appeal was upheld,[4][33] and a second trial was heard in May and June 1961,[34] resulting in another conviction and a three-year prison sentence.[35] After another appeal failed, Berry served one and one-half years in prison, from February 1962 to October 1963.[36] He had continued recording and performing during the trials, but his output had slowed as his popularity declined; his final single released before he was imprisoned was “Come On“.[37]

“Nadine” and move to Mercury (1963–1969)

Berry and his sister Lucy Ann (1965)

When Berry was released from prison in 1963, his return to recording and performing was made easier because British invasion bands—notably the Beatles and the Rolling Stones—had sustained interest in his music by releasing cover versions of his songs,[38][39] and other bands had reworked some of them, such as the Beach Boys‘ 1963 hit “Surfin’ U.S.A.“, which used the melody of Berry’s “Sweet Little Sixteen“.[40] In 1964 and 1965 Berry released eight singles, including three that were commercially successful, reaching the top 20 of the Billboard 100: “No Particular Place to Go” (a humorous reworking of “School Days”, concerning the introduction of seat belts in cars),[41]You Never Can Tell“, and the rocking “Nadine“.[42] Between 1966 and 1969 Berry released five albums for Mercury Records, including his first live album, Live at Fillmore Auditorium, in which he was backed by the Steve Miller Band.[43][44]

While this was not a successful period for studio work,[45] Berry was still a top concert draw. In May 1964, he had made a successful tour of the UK,[41] but when he returned in January 1965 his behavior was erratic and moody, and his touring style of using unrehearsed local backing bands and a strict nonnegotiable contract was earning him a reputation as a difficult and unexciting performer.[46] He also played at large events in North America, such as the Schaefer Music Festival, in New York City’s Central Park in July 1969, and the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival in October.[47]

Back to Chess: “My Ding-a-Ling” to White House concert (1970–1979)

Berry helped give life to a subculture … Even “My Ding-a-Ling”, a fourth-grade wee-wee joke that used to mortify true believers at college concerts, permitted a lot of twelve-year-olds new insight into the moribund concept of “dirty” when it hit the airwaves …

Robert Christgau[48]

Berry in 1973

Berry returned to Chess from 1970 to 1973. There were no hit singles from the 1970 album Back Home, but in 1972 Chess released a live recording of “My Ding-a-Ling“, a novelty song which he had recorded in a different version as “My Tambourine” on his 1968 LP From St. Louie to Frisco.[49] The track became his only number-one single. A live recording of “Reelin’ and Rockin’“, issued as a followup single in the same year, was his last Top 40 hit in both the US and the UK. Both singles were included on the part-live, part-studio album The London Chuck Berry Sessions (other albums of London sessions were recorded by Chess’s mainstay artists Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf). Berry’s second tenure with Chess ended with the 1975 album Chuck Berry, after which he did not make a studio record until Rock It for Atco Records in 1979, which would be his last studio album for 38 years.[50]

In the 1970s Berry toured on the strength of his earlier successes. He was on the road for many years, carrying only his Gibson guitar, confident that he could hire a band that already knew his music no matter where he went. AllMusic said that in this period his “live performances became increasingly erratic, … working with terrible backup bands and turning in sloppy, out-of-tune performances” which “tarnished his reputation with younger fans and oldtimers” alike.[29] Among the many bandleaders performing a backup role with Berry were Bruce Springsteen and Steve Miller when each was just starting his career. Springsteen related in the documentary film Hail! Hail! Rock ‘n’ Roll that Berry did not give the band a set list and expected the musicians to follow his lead after each guitar intro. Berry neither spoke to nor thanked the band after the show. Nevertheless, Springsteen backed Berry again when he appeared at the concert for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. At the request of Jimmy Carter, Berry performed at the White House on June 1, 1979.[44]

Berry’s touring style, traveling the “oldies” circuit in the 1970s (often being paid in cash by local promoters) added ammunition to the Internal Revenue Service‘s accusations that Berry had evaded paying income taxes. Facing criminal sanction for the third time, Berry pled guilty to tax evasion and was sentenced to four months in prison and 1,000 hours of community service—performing benefit concerts—in 1979.[51]

Last years on the road (1980–2017)

Berry performing live in 1997

Berry continued to play 70 to 100 one-nighters per year in the 1980s, still traveling solo and requiring a local band to back him at each stop. In 1986, Taylor Hackford made a documentary film, Hail! Hail! Rock ‘n’ Roll, of a celebration concert for Berry’s sixtieth birthday, organized by Keith Richards.[52] Eric Clapton, Etta James, Julian Lennon, Robert Cray and Linda Ronstadt, among others, appeared with Berry on stage and in the film. During the concert, Berry played a Gibson ES-355, the luxury version of the ES-335 that he favored on his 1970s tours. Richards played a black Fender Telecaster Custom, Cray a Fender Stratocaster and Clapton a Gibson ES 350T (de), the same model that Berry used on his early recordings.[53]

In the late 1980s, Berry bought The Southern Air, a restaurant in Wentzville, Missouri.[54] In 1990 he was sued by several women who claimed that he had installed a video camera in the ladies’ bathroom. Berry claimed that he had the camera installed to catch red-handed a worker who was suspected of stealing from the restaurant. Though his guilt was never proved in court, Berry opted for a class action settlement with 59 women. His biographer, Bruce Pegg, estimated that it cost Berry over $1.2 million plus legal fees.[55] During this time Berry began using Wayne T. Schoeneberg as his legal counsel. Reportedly, a police raid on his house found videotapes of women using the restroom, and one of the women was a minor. Also found in the raid were 62 grams of marijuana. Felony drug and child-abuse charges were filed. In order to avoid the child-abuse charges, Berry agreed to plead guilty to misdemeanor possession of marijuana. He was given a six-month suspended jail sentence and two years’ unsupervised probation and was ordered to donate $5,000 to a local hospital.[56]

In November 2000, Berry faced legal issues when he was sued by his former pianist Johnnie Johnson, who claimed that he co-wrote over 50 songs, including “No Particular Place to Go”, “Sweet Little Sixteen” and “Roll Over Beethoven”, that credit Berry alone. The case was dismissed when the judge ruled that too much time had passed since the songs were written.[57]

In 2008, Berry toured Europe, with stops in Sweden, Norway, Finland, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Poland and Spain. In mid-2008, he played at the Virgin Festival in Baltimore, Maryland.[58] During a concert on New Year’s Day 2011 in Chicago, Berry, suffering from exhaustion, passed out and had to be helped off stage.[59]

Berry lived in Ladue, Missouri, approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of St. Louis.[60] He regularly performed one Wednesday each month at Blueberry Hill, a restaurant and bar located in the Delmar Loop neighborhood of St. Louis, from 1996 to 2014.

Berry announced on his 90th birthday that his first new studio album since Rock It in 1979, entitled Chuck, would be released in 2017.[61] His first new record in 38 years, it features his children, Charles Berry Jr. and Ingrid, on guitar and harmonica, with songs “covering the spectrum from hard-driving rockers to soulful thought-provoking time capsules of a life’s work” and dedicated to his wife of 68 years, Themetta Berry.[62]

Death

Police in St. Charles County, Missouri, were called to Berry’s house on March 18, 2017, where he was unresponsive. Berry was pronounced dead at the scene; he was 90.[63][64]

Legacy

While no individual can be said to have invented rock and roll, Chuck Berry comes the closest of any single figure to being the one who put all the essential pieces together. It was his particular genius to graft country & western guitar licks onto a rhythm & blues chassis in his very first single, “Maybellene”.

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame[65]

A pioneer of rock and roll, Berry was a significant influence on the development of both the music and the attitude associated with the rock music lifestyle. With songs such as “Maybellene” (1955), “Roll Over Beethoven” (1956), “Rock and Roll Music” (1957) and “Johnny B. Goode” (1958), Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics successfully aimed to appeal to the early teenage market by using graphic and humorous descriptions of teen dances, fast cars, high school life, and consumer culture,[3] and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music.[1] His records are a rich storehouse of the essential lyrical, showmanship and musical components of rock and roll. In addition to the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, a large number of significant popular-music performers have recorded Berry’s songs.[3] Though not technically accomplished, his guitar style is distinctive—he incorporated electronic effects to mimic the sound of bottleneck blues guitarists and drew on the influence of guitar players such as Carl Hogan,[66] and T-Bone Walker[3] to produce a clear and exciting sound that many later guitarists would acknowledge as an influence in their own style.[56] Berry’s showmanship has been influential on other rock guitarists,[67] particularly his one-legged hop routine,[68] and the “duck walk“,[69] which he first used as a child when he walked “stooping with full-bended knees, but with my back and head vertical” under a table to retrieve a ball and his family found it entertaining; he used it when “performing in New York for the first time and some journalist branded it the duck walk.”[70][71]

The rock critic Robert Christgau considers Berry “the greatest of the rock and rollers”,[72] while John Lennon said, “if you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it ‘Chuck Berry’.”[73] Ted Nugent said, “If you don’t know every Chuck Berry lick, you can’t play rock guitar.”[74]

When asked what caused the explosion of the popularity of rock ‘n roll that took place in the 1950s, with him and a handful of others, mainly him, Berry said, “Well, actually they begin to listen to it, you see, because certain stations played certain music. The music that we, the blacks, played, the cultures were so far apart, we would have to have a play station in order to play it. The cultures begin to come together, and you begin to see one another’s vein of life, then the music came together.”[75]

External video
President Bill Clinton recognizing Chuck Berry after Berry was named a Kennedy Center honoree, Dec. 3, 2000, C-SPAN[76]

Among the honors Berry has received are the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1984[77] and the Kennedy Center Honors in 2000.[78] He was ranked seventh on Time magazine’s 2009 list of the 10 best electric guitar players of all time.[79] On May 14, 2002, Berry was honored as one of the first BMI Icons at the 50th annual BMI Pop Awards. He was presented the award along with BMI affiliates Bo Diddley and Little Richard.[80] In August 2014, Berry was made a laureate of the Polar Music Prize.[81]

Berry is included in several of Rolling Stone magazine’s “Greatest of All Time” lists. In September 2003, the magazine ranked him number 6 in its list of the “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time”.[82] In November his compilation album The Great Twenty-Eight was ranked 21st in Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[83] In March 2004, Berry was ranked fifth on the list of “The Immortals – The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time”.[7][84] In December 2004, six of his songs were included in “Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Songs of All Time“: “Johnny B. Goode” (#7), “Maybellene” (#18), “Roll Over Beethoven” (#97), “Rock and Roll Music” (#128), “Sweet Little Sixteen” (#272) and “Brown Eyed Handsome Man” (#374).[85] In June 2008, his song “Johnny B. Goode” ranked first in the “100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time”.[86]

The journalist Chuck Klosterman has argued that in 300 years Berry will still be remembered as the rock musician who most closely captured the essence of rock and roll.[87]

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Gail Fisher

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Gail Fisher

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher Mark Stewart Mannix 1970.JPG

Fisher and Mark Stewart (Mannix, 1970)
Born (1935-08-18)August 18, 1935
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
Died December 2, 2000(2000-12-02) (aged 65)
Culver City, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1959–1990

Gail Fisher (August 18, 1935 – December 2, 2000) was an American actress who was one of the first black women to play substantive roles in American television.[1] She was best known for playing the role of secretary Peggy Fair on the television detective series Mannix from 1968 through 1975, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award; she was the first black woman to win either award.

Life and career[edit]

The youngest of five children, Fisher was born in Orange, New Jersey. Her father died when she was two years old, and she was raised by her mother, Ona Fisher, who supported her family with a home-operated hair-styling business while living in the Potter’s Crossing neighborhood of Edison, New Jersey. She graduated from Metuchen High School in Metuchen, New Jersey. During her teenaged years, she was a cheerleader and entered several beauty contests, winning the titles of Miss Transit, Miss Black New Jersey, and Miss Press Photographer.[2][3]

In a contest sponsored by Coca-Cola, Fisher won the opportunity to spend two years studying acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. As a student of acting in New York City, she worked with Lee Strasberg [4] and became a member of the Repertory Theater at Lincoln Center, where she worked with Elia Kazan and Herbert Blau.[2][3] As a young woman, she also worked as a model.[3]

Fisher made her first television appearance in 1960 at age 25, appearing in the syndicated program Play of the Week.[1] Also during the early 1960s, she appeared in a television commercial for All laundry detergent, which she said made her “the first black female — no, make that black, period — to make a national TV commercial, on camera, with lines.”[2] In 1965, Herbert Blau cast her in a theatrical production of Danton’s Death.[2]

She first appeared in Mannix during the second season, when Mannix left the detective firm Intertect and set up shop as a private investigator. In 1968, she made guest appearances on the TV series My Three Sons, Love, American Style, and Room 222.[1] In 1970, her work on Mannix was honored when she received the Emmy Award for outstanding performance by an actress in a dramatic supporting role. She was the first black woman to win an Emmy (the other nominees that year were Susan Saint James in The Name of the Game and Barbara Anderson in Ironside).[1] After Mannix was canceled in 1975, she rarely appeared on television. She guest-starred in a 1980 episode of The White Shadow.[1]

Personal life and death[edit]

Fisher was married and divorced twice. She had two daughters, Samara and Jole, from her 1964 marriage to John Levy.[2] Her marriage to Wali Muhammad (Walter Youngblood), famed cornerman to Sugar Ray Robinson and Muhammad Ali, ended in divorce when he changed religions. Wali was also an assistant minister to Malcolm X at Nation of Islam Mosque No. 7.[5][6][7] She died in Los Angeles in 2000, aged 65, reportedly from renal failure.[2] Twelve hours after Gail Fisher died, her brother Clifton died from heart failure.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1959 Play of the Week Joyce Lane Episode: “Simply Heavenly”
1960 Play of the Week N/A Episode: “Climate of Eden”
1962 The Defenders The Singer Episode: “Grandma TNT”
1967 He & She Helen Episode: “One of Our Firemen is Missing”
1967 The Second Hundred Years Young Matron Episode: “Luke’s First Christmas”
1968 My Three Sons Carla Episode: “Gossip, Incorporated”
1968–75 Mannix Peggy Fair 147 episodes
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1972, 1974)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series (1971–73)
1969 Love, American Style Mercy Episode: “Love and the Hustler”
1970 Insight Mrs. Carter Episode: “The Incident on Danker Street”
1971 Room 222 Diana Brown Episode: “Welcome Back, Miss Brown”
1971 Love, American Style Penny Episode: “Love and the Baby”
1972 Every Man Need One Pauline Kramer Television movie
1975 Medical Center Bonnie Horne Episode: “Street Girl”
1979 Fantasy Island Dr. Frantz Episode: “Hit Man/The Swimmer”
1982 General Hospital Judge Heller 5 episodes
1983 Knight Rider Thelma Episode: “Short Notice”
1985 Hotel Fran Willis Episode: “Hearts and Minds”
1986 He’s the Mayor Lila Episode: “Take My Father Please”
1987 Mankillers Joan Hanson Television movie
1990 Donor Secretary Television movie

Awards and honors[edit]

Year Result Award Category Television series
1970 Won Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix
1971 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix
1972 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix
1973 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix
1971 Won Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress – Television Series Mannix
1972 Nominated Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress – Television Series Mannix
1973 Won Golden Globe Award Best Actress – Television Series Drama Mannix
1974 Nominated Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress – Television Series Mannix

SABRINA SCHARF

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SABRINA SCHARF

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sabrina Scharf
Born (1943-10-17) October 17, 1943 (age 73)
Delphos, Ohio, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1965–1975

Sabrina Scharf (born Sandra Mae Trentman on October 17, 1943, in Delphos, Ohio) is an American actress mostly known for her roles on American television shows. She appeared in the movie Easy Rider and once guest starred on Star Trek.[1]

After Scharf quit acting in the 1970s, she became an anti-pollution activist and unsuccessfully ran for the California State Senate. She is married to television writer Bob Schiller.[2]

Partial TV and Movie filmography[edit]

Adriana Lima (UPDATE)

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Adriana Lima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adriana Lima
Cannes 2015 22.jpg

Born (1981-06-12) June 12, 1981 (age 35)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil[1]
Nationality Brazilian, Serbian[2]
Spouse(s) Marko Jaric (m. 2009; div. 2016)
Children 2
Website www.adrianalima.com
Modeling information
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)[3]
Hair color Dark Brown[3]
Eye color Blue[3]
Manager

Adriana Lima[4] (Brazilian Portuguese: [adɾiˈãnɐ ˈlimɐ]; born June 12, 1981) is a Brazilian model and actress, best known as a Victoria’s Secret Angel[5] since 1999[6] (being their longest-running model and named “the most valuable Victoria’s Secret Angel” in 2017), as a spokesmodel for Maybelline cosmetics since 2003 and for her Super Bowl and Kia Motors commercials. At the age of 15, Lima won Ford’s “Supermodel of Brazil” competition, and took second place the following year in the Ford “Supermodel of the World” competition before signing with Elite Model Management in New York City.

Lima is currently ranked by Models.com as one of the New Supers in the fashion industry.[7] Since 2014, Lima has been the world’s second highest-paid model. In 2012, she came in 4th on the Forbes top-earning models list, estimated to have earned $7.3 million in one year. In 2013, she came in 3rd place and in 2014 she came in 2nd place with earnings of $8 million. In 2015, she came in 2nd place with earnings of $9 million.[8] In 2016, she kept the 2nd place with earnings of $10.5 million.[9]

Lima is the current brand ambassador for the Barcelona-based clothing brand Desigual, and for the Beachwear collection of Italian brand Calzedonia.

Early life[edit]

Lima was born in June 12, 1981 in Salvador, Brazil.[10] The surname “Lima” is of Portuguese origin. Many sources state that “Francesca” is her middle name, but Lima herself denied this in an interview to W Radio Colombia in 2010, and confirmed that her name is only Adriana Lima.[4] Her parents are Nelson Torres and Maria das Graças Lima, a social worker.[11] Her father left the family when she was six months old, and Lima was raised only by her mother.[11]

About her ethnicity, Lima identifies herself as Afro-Brazilian and stated that she is of Indigenous, Swiss, African, Japanese and West Indian ancestry.[12][13][note 1]

Lima speaks four languages: her native Portuguese, English, Italian and Spanish.[14]

Lima never thought about being a model, although she had won many beauty pageants in elementary school.[15] However, a friend at school who wanted to enter a modeling contest and did not want to enter alone, so Lima entered with her. Both sent in pictures, and the contest sponsor soon asked Lima to come out for the competition. Soon after, at the age of 15, she entered and finished in first place in Ford’s “Supermodel of Brazil” model search. She subsequently entered the 1996 Ford Models Supermodel of the World contest and finished in second place.[16][17]

Career and modeling[edit]

Lima in 2007

Three years later, Lima moved to New York City and signed with Elite Model Management. After acquiring representation, Lima’s modeling portfolio quickly began to expand, and she appeared in numerous international editions of Vogue and Marie Claire.

Her first magazine cover was Marie Claire Brazil in September 1998.[18] Her first Vogue cover was the Italian Vogue Gioiello in September 2000, on their 20th Anniversary issue.[19]

As a runway model, she has walked the catwalk for designers such as Rosa Cha, Blue man, Fashion’s Night Out, Caio Gobbi, Fause Haten, M. Officer, Luca Luca, Liverpool Fashion, Dosso Dossi, Carmen Steffens, Cía Maritima, Agua de Coco, Lino Villaventura, Forum, Vassarette, Zoomp, Joan Vass, Cori, Emilio Pucci, Fendi, Giles Deacon, Carmen Marc Valvo, Emanuel Ungaro, Baby Phat, Giorgio Armani, Balmain, Bottega Veneta, Sportmax, Vera Wang, Valentino, Miu Miu, Givenchy, Versace, Cividini, Alexandre Herchcovitch, Jason Wu, Marc Jacobs, Christian Dior, Paco Rabanne, Victoria’s Secret, Sean John, Prada, Louis Vuitton, Desigual, Cynthia Rowley, Sully Bonnelly, Anna Sui, Guy Laroche, John Galliano, Alexander McQueen, Yigal Azrouël, Ralph Lauren, Christian Lacroix, Escada, Nanette Lepore, Richard Tyler, Triton and Betsey Johnson.

Lima became a GUESS? girl in 2000, appearing in that year’s fall ad campaign. She also appeared in the book A Second Decade of Guess? Images.[1]

Lima continued to build upon her portfolio, doing more print work for Maybelline, for whom she worked as a spokesmodel from 2003[16][20] until 2009, the same year she appeared in the company’s first calendar[21] and did an ad campaign for Swatch.[22] Lima has also worked for notable fashion brands bebe, Armani, Versace, De Beers, Elie Saab, Colcci, Schiaparelli, Prada, Intimissimi, Guess?, Loewe, H&M, Bulgari, Miu Miu, Donna Karan, Emporio Armani, Givenchy, Keds, Mossimo, Jason Wu, Balmain, Blumarine, Marc Jacobs, Maybelline, BCBG and Louis Vuitton.

She also appeared on the covers and in the editorials of other fashion magazines such as Vogue, Harper’s Bazaar, ELLE, Grazia, Cosmopolitan, Interview, GQ, W, Arena, V, Esquire, Garage and French Revue des Modes.[23]

Her April 2006 GQ cover was the highest-selling issue of that magazine for the year.[24] It was also one of the all-time best selling issues of the publication.[25] The magazine named her “The World’s Most Voluptuous Virgin”.[26]

Victoria’s Secret Angels Lima (left), Marisa Miller and Selita Ebanks ride in the Guantanamo Bay Christmas Parade Dec 1, 2007 in a Cadillac Eldorado

In 2006, Lima ranked as the fifth highest paid supermodel. In 2007 and 2008, she ranked as the world’s fourth highest paid supermodel by Forbes Magazine.[24][27][28][29]

In 2008, she again fronted the cover of GQ, this time attracting a record number of visits to the publication’s website.[30] She also appeared in the 2005 Pirelli Calendar[1] and became the face of Italy’s cell phone carrier, Telecom Italia Mobile, a move that earned her the nickname, “the Catherine Zeta-Jones of Italy.”[31]

In February 2008, Lima was featured on the cover of Esquire, re-creating the classic 1966 Angie Dickinson cover on Esquire’s 75th anniversary. She appeared only in shoes, diamonds and gloves for the November 2007 issue of Vanity Fair celebrating 20 years of supermodels with her fellow Angels.[32] In February 2008, she was chosen to be the face of Mexico’s Liverpool department store chain and launched the partnership with a press conference, runway show, and summer campaign.[33]

Lima returned to the high fashion runway in 2009, walking for Givenchy.[34] That same year, after visiting Turkey, Lima signed a contract with Doritos to appear in print campaigns and commercials which began airing in Turkey that April.[35] She was also one of the faces of Givenchy for the Fall/Winter 2009 season.[36] Lima is one of the two faces of Blumarine‘s Fall/Winter 2011 season.[37]

In 2011, Lima signed a deal as a spokeswoman for Megacity by Votsu, a Brazilian social gaming company, to appear in their commercials.[38] She also became the face of Brazilian luxury brand, Forum for their F/W and S/S seasons.[39] Lima has worked with the most established photographers in fashion such as Annie Leibovitz, Juergen Teller, Bruce Weber, J.R. Duran, Paolo Roversi, Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matidin, Vincent Peters, Mario Sorrenti, Mert Alas and Marcus Piggott, Steven Meisel, David Sims and Mario Testino.[40]

She became the face of Donna Karan‘s spring 2012 advertising campaign, which was accused of having racist undertones due to a photo featuring Lima posing in front of huddled local Haitians.[41]

In early 2012, Turkish clothing company Mavi Jeans, contracted with Lima to be the face and spokesmodel for the brand. In the first quarter of 2012, her advertisement campaign increased sales by 50%. It also provided a 20% increase in stores and online traffic. Furthermore, her television commercial, which was watched by 28 million people, became a trending topic at Twitter and the number of people on Mavi’s Facebook page increased by 20%. Store officials at Mavi say the clothing Lima wore in the ad campaigns was met with so much demand that they ran out of stock. Due to her success rate with the company, the European and Russian branch of Mavi decided to make her the global face of the brand.[42][43]

Lima was photographed by artist Richard Phillips on the famed Copacabana sidewalk in Brazil for Visionaire no. 62 which was released in mid-2012.[44] Lima is the subject of a painting by Phillips at Gagosian Gallery’s 24th Street Gallery in New York.[45]

In an interview, Phillips talks about Lima: “She’s so powerful, really an entity, in a way.” Then added “You meet her and there’s a generosity of spirit and very friendly and easy manner, and then all of sudden, the lights go on, and you realize you’re working with this absolutely extraordinary person who’s capable of creating these powerful images.”[46]

She is – for the second time – featured in the Pirelli calendar by setting a record of being the first pregnant woman to be ever featured in the calendar for the 2013 edition.[47]

In July 2013, Spanish fashion brand Desigual announced that Lima would be the face of the brand during Barcelona Fashion Week Spring- Summer ’14,[48] following Bar Refaeli in the same role on January 2013.[49] In April 2014, Lima was chosen as the first brand ambassador of Desigual for the brand’s 30th anniversary. She has been named the “ambassador of la vida es Chula,” Desigual’s “life is cool” motto. Desigual marketing director, Borja Castresana, stated that Adriana “reflects our values and represents Desigual women who are confident, optimistic and full of life.” The campaign was launched on April 20, 2014 with television commercials in Spain, France, Germany, Italy, Austria and Belgium.[50]

In 2013, she ranked as the third highest paid supermodel according to Forbes, with earnings of $6 million.[51] In 2014, she ranked as the world’s second highest paid supermodel with earnings of $8 million.[52]

In June 2014, she returned to her role as a Maybelline New York spokesmodel. She had been the face of the brand between 2003 and 2009.[53] Lima was also chosen as the new face of Jason Wu Fall/Winter 2014 campaign. Jason Wu stated about Lima, “She’s sexy, and there’s this feline-esque prowess that felt appropriate for the clothes. And she’s got those eyes! She’s like our own Bianca Jagger. Adriana is a new take on the supermodel – she’s from a different era. At the end of the day, these ads are about the women and the sexiness, and I continue to choose women who inspire me.”[54]

In 2015, she became the face of Vogue Eyewear[55] and of Marc Jacobs‘ fragance Decadence.[56] In the same year, she was ranked as the world’s second highest paid supermodel with earnings of $9 million.[57]

In April 2016, Lima became the face of Italian lingerie brand Calzedonia‘s Swimwear collection.[58]

In July 2016, Lima was chosen by NBC alongside fellow Brazilian model Alessandra Ambrosio as the channel’s food and culture correspondents for the 2016 Summer Olympics.[59][60]

Victoria’s Secret[edit]

Adriana Lima with the 2010 Fantasy Bra.

Lima is probably best known for her work with Victoria’s Secret. She walked her first Victoria’s Secret runway in 1999,[6] at age 18[61] and since being contracted as an Angel in 2000, she has appeared on subsequent shows ever since, opening the show in 2003, 2007, 2008, and 2010.[62] In 2012, she opened the show for the 5th time less than two months after giving birth to her second child.[63][64]

In 2004, she was part of the five Angels promoting Victoria’s Secret nationwide in the so-called “Angels Across America”-Tour alongside Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum, Gisele Bündchen and Alessandra Ambrosio.[65] She missed the 2009 show due to her pregnancy.[66] Lima has appeared on several television ads for the brand, including the praised and criticized[67][68] “Angel in Venice” commercial of 2003 with Bob Dylan.

2008 continued for Lima with hosting the What Is Sexy? program for the E! Entertainment Network and a July tour for the BioFit Uplift Bra launch. She was also featured in November’s Miracle Bra relaunch.[69][70] Topping the year off, Lima wore the “Fantasy Bra” for the 2008 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show. The bra, created by American jewelry designer Martin Katz, was set with 3,575 black diamonds, 117 certified 1 carat (200 mg) white round diamonds, 34 rubies, and two black diamond drops totaling 100 carats (20 g). Valued at over $5 million, the bra carried more than 1,500 carats (300 g).[71]

In 2010, she again wore the Fantasy Bra, called the Victoria’s Secret Bombshell Fantasy Bra. The bra which weighs in at 142 carats with 60 carats of white diamonds and 82 carats of topazes and sapphires is worth 2 million dollars.[72] She wore the fantasy bra again in 2014, along with Alessandra Ambrosio, with each bra valuing $2,000,000.

In July 2016, Victoria’s Secret launched its own sports bra line, Victoria Sport, and Lima starred on the commercial alongside models Elsa Hosk, Romee Strijd, Jasmine Tookes and Josephine Skriver.[73][74]

In January 2017, Lima was named “the most valuable Victoria’s Secret Angel” according to analytics company D’Marie,[75] which conducted research that factored in social media likes, followers, sales conversions and engagement to come up with the results. “We’ve developed an algorithm that compiles over 24 specific metrics from each social media platform that determines an individual’s ranking amongst others’ in any variety of categories,” D’Marie explained.[76]

Super Bowl ads[edit]

Lima’s 2008 solo Victoria’s Secret’s Super Bowl XLII ad was the single most-seen ad of the game, watched by 103.7 million viewers.[77] In February 2012, Lima became the only celebrity to ever star in two Super Bowl commercials in one game. She starred in Super Bowl XLVI commercials for online flower service Teleflora and Kia Motors which were watched by more than 200 million viewers.[78][79] Her Kia Motors Super Bowl commercial – promoting the new Kia Optima – sent sales to their highest mark since the design debuted. Sales were up 31% from January 2012 and 138.6% from February 2012.[80][81] The commercial was also voted No.3 out of the 55 commercials on USA TODAY and Facebook’s Super Bowl Ad Meter.[82][83] A teaser of the commercial was released in movie theaters in January before the game. It is believed to be the first time a Super Bowl commercial premiered in movie theaters.[84]

Forbes named her Teleflora commercial as one of the best during Super Bowl XLVI, with the comment, “Teleflora … Adriana Lima. ‘Nuff said”.[85] Among the many reviews of the commercial, The Huffington Post said: “One of the basic goals of any commercial is to capture the viewer’s attention, and by this measure, Teleflora.com’s ad featuring supermodel Adriana Lima was most definitely successful.”[86] ESPN.com noted: “This actually makes sense when you think about it: Launch your Valentine’s Day campaign in the middle of the Super Bowl. That’s actually what flower company Teleflora is doing on Sunday. Even smarter? Hire supermodel Adriana Lima to star in it.”[87]

Acting[edit]

Lima’s first acting role was the wife, alongside Mickey Rourke and Forest Whitaker, in The Follow (2001), a short film in BMW‘s series The Hire, starring Clive Owen and directed by Wong Kar-wai.[30] She also appeared with her fellow Angels in a guest spot playing herself in the series How I Met Your Mother in November 2007. She also played herself, along with fellow Victoria’s Secret Angels, in the 2013 series The Crazy Ones starring Robin Williams and Sarah Michelle Gellar.

In 2008, Lima appeared on the American television series Ugly Betty, where she played herself and made friends with the series’ title character, Betty.[88]

Public image[edit]

Lima was listed in the 2005 Forbes’ edition of The World’s Best-Paid Celebrities Under 25.[89] She ranked ninety-nine in the 2005 and 2006 Forbes’ edition of The Celebrity 100 lists.[90] In 2012, she was listed in Forbes Celebrity 100 power list for earning more than 7 million between May 2011 and May 2012.[91] In 2012, she ranked number eight in forbes’ “The World’s Most Powerful Latino Celebrities” list for earning more than 7 million dollars.[92]

Lima was chosen to be a part of People magazine’s 100 most beautiful people in the world list, sharing that space with the Angels, with whom she also received a star on the Hollywood “Walk of Fame” prior to the 2007 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show.[93] That same year, she ranked 7th on FHMs “100 Sexiest Women 2007” list.[94]

Lima was also voted on Maxims “Hot 100” 2007 at the No.53 spot. She was voted No.1 as the Most Desirable Woman in 2005 by visitors of the men’s lifestyle website Askmen.com and placed 4th in 2006 and 2007, 10th in 2008, and 19th in 2009.[95][96] She received the award for “Hottest Girl on the Planet” in the 2007 Spike Guys’ Choice Awards.[97] Since November 2008, Models.com has featured her at number one on the list of the “Sexiest Models”.[98] In July 2011, she was ranked No. 4 in the website’s “Money Girls” list.[99] The website also lists her on “the Supers” list. The list, which has only 8 supermodels, is about supermodels that transcend the boundaries of the fashion industry and have public recognition in and out of fashion.[100] In 2010, she was voted eighth in “FHM’s Sexiest Women in the World“.[101] FHM ranked her at No. 6 in 2009, No. 21 in 2008 and No. 4 in 2007.[102]

In 2010, Lima was ranked No. 46 on the 50 most popular women on the Web according to Google search results.[103] A results from a market research study in 2011 about the UEFA Champions League released by Heineken showed that 52% of men would rather watch their team lift the Champions League trophy than go on a date with Lima. McAfee ranked Lima as the 6th most “dangerous” celebrity in cyberspace in 2010. The ranking, relating to the use of the names of popular celebrities to lure people to websites that are laden with malicious software, ranked Lima number eight in 2011.[104]Complex ranks her 4th in the list of “The 100 Hottest Supermodels of All Time”.[105][106]

On October 6, 2015, it was announced that Adriana will have her own wax figure at the Madame Tussauds New York. She’s the first Victoria’s Secret Angel and the second Brazilian figure to join the Tussauds star lineup, after soccer star Pelé.[107] Her wax figure was unveiled on November 30, 2015.[108][109]

Criticism[edit]

In a 2011 interview with The Daily Telegraph, prior to the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show, Lima revealed her diet regimen – nine days before the show, she drinks only protein shakes: “No liquids at all so you dry out, sometimes you can lose up to eight pounds just from that,” she says. She also stated that the last three weeks before the show, she works out twice a day.[110] The interview got negative reviews on the media and was mentioned in CNN‘s Anderson Cooper‘s “Ridiculist”.[111] Shortly afterwards, Lima defended herself in an interview with E!, “I know it’s very intense but … I just have an athlete’s mind and I appreciate doing this thing,” she said. “It’s not that I do crazy diets throughout the year. I just do it for this particular thing. After this show, I become normal again.”[112]

The Adriana Lima diet became so popular that it eventually became one of the top five most searched diets on the web in 2012 according to Google. Other celebrities on the list are Beyoncé and Michael Phelps.[113]

Charity[edit]

Lima does charitable work helping with an orphanage, “Caminhos da Luz” (Paths of Light), located in Salvador. She helps with construction to expand the orphanage, and buys clothes for poor children in Salvador, Bahia.[114] She appeared on Var mısın? Yok musun?, the Turkish version of Deal or No Deal, where her prize money went to a hospital in Istanbul for children fighting leukemia.[115]

Religious views[edit]

Lima is a devout Roman Catholic who attends Mass every Sunday. In April 2006, she told GQ that she was a virgin. “Sex is for after marriage,” she said. “[Men] have to respect that this is my choice. If there’s no respect, that means they don’t want me.” She also denounced abortion as a crime, and stated that she agrees with any teaching of the church.[116][117] Lima is known to bring a Bible with her backstage before she goes onstage. She has also stated that, before she became a Victoria’s Secret Angel, she had wanted to become a nun. Regarding her spirituality, Lima stated, “The church is in me — I always connect. If you’re connected with the divine and always have pure intentions with everything you’re doing, you’re protected by the angels. I’m very spiritual. I believe in nature, I believe in energy, I believe in spirits.”[118]

Personal life[edit]

After nine months of dating, Lima became engaged to Serbian NBA player Marko Jarić in June 2008.[119] The couple married on St. Valentine’s Day 2009 in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.[120][121] In May 2009, it was reported that Lima had applied for Serbian citizenship,[122] but it was never granted to her.[123] Jarić and Lima have two daughters: Valentina Lima Jarić (Serbian Cyrillic: Валентина Лима Јарић, born November 15, 2009)[124] and Sienna (Serbian Cyrillic: Сијена Лима Јарић, born September 12, 2012).[125] On May 2, 2014, Lima and Jaric announced their separation after five years of marriage.[126] The divorce was finalized in March 2016.[127]

FILMOLOGY:

2018  OCEAN’S EIGHT

2017 THE CRAZY ONES (TV sERIES) hERSELF

2007 HOW i MET yOUR mOTHER hERSELF

2001  THE FOLLOW (SHORT) WIFE

1996  PISTA DUPLA  (TV SERIES)

 

Notes[edit]

  1. Jump up ^ English translated sources and Lima herself states she has Indian ancestry. The ambiguous meaning of the word “Indian” in English, has led some to believe that the Amerindian “indian” ancestry originated from India, when in slang “indian” is meant to refer to indigenous peoples of the Americas. In Portuguese, such ambiguity is nonexistent, since there are two words to convey the different meanings: índio for an American Indian (or Amerindian, including Native Brazilians); and indiano for people and things related to India.